Bharatiya Janata party

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Bharatiya Janata party

(bär`ətēə jän`ətə) [Hindi,=Indian People's party] (BJP), Indian political party that espouses Hindu nationalism. The BJP draws its Hindu nationalist creed from the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS; National Self-Service Organization), a group founded in 1925 in opposition to Mohandas GandhiGandhi, Mohandas Karamchand
, 1869–1948, Indian political and spiritual leader, b. Porbandar. In South Africa

Educated in India and in London, he was admitted to the English bar in 1889 and practiced law unsuccessfully in India for two years.
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 and dedicated to the propagation of orthodox Hindu religious practices.

The BJP's direct political antecedent is the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, a party established in 1951 that stood in staunch opposition to what it perceived as the evils of Western cultural imperialism. Its principles were retained when the party became the BJP in 1980. Opposed to the secular democracy advocated by the long-ruling Congress party (see Indian National CongressIndian National Congress,
Indian political party, founded in 1885. Its founding members proposed economic reforms and wanted a larger role in the making of British policy for India.
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), the BJP objected to the separate code of civil laws for India's Muslims, supported India's nuclear defense capability, and favored restrictions on foreign investment.

At first largely a northern party popular in Hindi-speaking areas among urban middle-class traders, by 1989 the BJP had won 85 seats in parliament. In the 1990s the party became part of the mainstream political life of India. It scored a major success in the 1996 general elections, winning the most parliamentary seats (161 of 545) but falling short of a majority. Shortly thereafter, the BJP formed a government, with its leader, Atal Bihari VajpayeeVajpayee, Atal Bihari
, 1926–, Indian politician, prime minister of India (1996, 1998–2004). He began his career as a journalist, entering politics as an unsuccessful parliamentary candidate in 1950.
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, as prime minister, but it fell prior to a confidence vote. The BJP again garnered the largest number of parliamentary seats in the 1998 and 1999 elections and successfully formed governments, again with Vajpayee as prime minister. In power, the BJP tended to avoid many of the Hindu nationalist issues originally central to it, and promoted economic reforms and development, including foreign investment.

Although the BJP moved to distance itself somewhat from the RSS and attract Muslim voters, party members were accused of complicity in the violence that killed perhaps as many as 2,500 in Gujarat in Feb.–Mar., 2002, and a BJP lawmaker in the state was convicted of murder in 2012. The BJP lost the 2004 elections to the Congress party coalition, and suffered additional losses in the 2009 elections. In 2014, however, the party won a majority, and Narendra ModiModi, Narendra Damodardas
, 1950–, Indian politician. A member of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, a right-wing, paramilitary Hindu nationalist group and then, from 1987, the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata party (BJP), he rose to prominence in his native Gujarat,
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 became prime minister. Subsequently, RSS members played a more significant role in the leadership of the BJP.

References in periodicals archive ?
In Siwan, the brother of a Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) candidate Manoj Singh assaulted his driver after coming to know that he had voted against his party.
Among others, Parshottam Rupala, Vice President of India's Ruling Party, Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) has expressed his support for Dr.
Both Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) and the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) had used the anti-corruption plank to rise to power in the national Capital and at the Centre respectively, but their ego battle has reduced the whole anti-corruption machinery into a political mudfest.
Member of Indian Parliament Tarun Vijay of Bhartiya Janata Party, in a statement issued in New Delhi, said that responding to a special mention raised by him in the Rajya Sabha, Defence Minister Manohar Parikar informed that the issue of providing land to the troops, who had served
All India Congress Committee (AICC) Communication department in charge Randip Surjewala said that Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) leaders having reservations over the measure have become "mute spectator" due to "personal adamance" of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to push the bill in its present form.
New Delhi, July 15 ( ANI ): Veteran Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) leader Om Prakash Kohli, who has been appointed as the next Governor of Gujarat, said on Tuesday that the role of the person occupying the post is constitutionally well-defined to ensure smooth relations between the Centre and the State.
Last month, the Bhartiya Janata Party, widely expected to lead India's next government, said it would ban foreign supermarkets if it comes to power.
The protestors said they support the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) and are against Kejriwal's dharna and the actions of his government.
Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Omar Abdullah on Monday said that both Bhartiya Janata Party and Peoples Democratic Party create tension among the society and take advantage of it.
New Delhi -- India's main opposition Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) on Wednesday slammed Indian defence minister A K Antony for giving a 'clean chit' to Pakistani army in the killing of five Indian soldiers at the LoC in the early hours of Tuesday.
He also scored more than double the votes of his rival, Purno Agitok Sangma, 64, a former parliament speaker backed by the main opposition Bhartiya Janata Party.
Strategists of India's main opposition rightwing Hindu nationalist Bhartiya Janata Party have made known that a confrontational position would best help the party secure popular support agead of the 2014 general elections.