Bhopal


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Bhopal

(bō`päl), former principality, Madhya Pradesh state, central India. A region of rolling downs and thickly forested hills, it is predominantly agricultural. Its Buddhist monuments include the famous stupa (3d cent. B.C.) at Sanchi. Bhopal was founded in the early 18th cent. and was ruled from 1844 to 1926 by the begums of Bhopal, famous women leaders. Although the population was mainly Hindu, the princely family was Muslim. Bhopal became part of the state of Madhya Pradesh in 1956.

The city of Bhopal (1991 pop. 1,062,771), the former capital of the principality and now the capital of Madhya PradeshMadhya Pradesh
, state (2001 provisional pop. 60,385,118), 119,010 sq mi (308,240 sq km), central India, between the Deccan and the Ganges plain. The capital is Bhopal. One of the largest states in India, Madhya Pradesh consists, from north to south, of upland zones separated by
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, was founded in 1728. It is a trade center with manufactures of cotton cloth, jewelry, electrical goods, and chemicals. Bhopal has a very modern section and an old city, and hills and lakes give the environs much scenic beauty. The city is the seat of several institutions of higher education and a large mosque, the Taj-ul-masjid. There are many sites of historical and archaeological interest in Bhopal and nearby.

In Dec., 1984, a cloud of methyl isocynate gas escaped from the Union Carbide plant in Bhopal. An estimated 3,000 to 7,000 died immediately, 15,000 to 20,000 died from the effects in the years after the disaster, and 50,000 to 100,000 suffered from serious injuries as a result of the world's worst chemical disaster. The Indian government sued on behalf of 570,000 victims and in 1989 settled for $470 million in damages and exempted company employees from criminal prosecution. The Indian judiciary rejected that exemption in 1991, and the company's Indian assets were seized (1992) after its officials failed to appear to face charges. The chairman of Union Carbide's Indian branch and seven other of its Indian employees (one deceased) were convicted of death by negligence in 2010, and later that year the Indian government sued to increase the damages paid to $1.1 billion.

Bhopal

a city in central India, the capital of Madhya Pradesh state and of the former state of Bhopal: site of a poisonous gas leak from a US-owned factory, which killed over 7000 people in 1984 and was implicated in a further 15 000 deaths afterwards. Pop.: 1 433 875 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
Bhopal Style Week also gave an opportunity to fashion designing students and budding designers to share the common platform with Internationally Fame Designers.
For the last 30 years, the state's imagination on remembering Bhopal has been strictly around the anniversary each year.
Addressing the students at Second Convocation of Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) in Bhopal yesterday, Irani said that training individuals is niche areas of science and technology which is crucial to the progress of our nation and IISER Bhopal is contributing to this effort.
I, therefore, booked her tickets with confirmed status from Bahrain to Mumbai and then via a connecting flight about two-and-a-half hours later to Bhopal.
The District Malaria Officer of Bhopal, Padmakar Tripathy on Thursday briefed about the symptoms of Dengue.
The protest came on the 27th anniversary of the disaster in Bhopal, where a Union Carbide pesticide plant leaked gas that killed some 15,000 people and maimed tens of thousands of others.
The court was hearing the curative petition by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) which was filed following the public outcry after a Bhopal court sentenced all the seven accused to two year imprisonment in June this year.
NEW YORK, April 15 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Dow Chemical Company must not be allowed to run from its responsibility for the impact of the 1984 Bhopal gas leak disaster by sponsoring this weekend's Live Earth 'Run for Water' events in the United States and worldwide, Amnesty International said today.
Like the victims at Bhopal, all had significant lung, upper respiratory, and eye problems; more than half had headaches and heart problems; half had skin problems, some persistent; and one patient died soon after I examined him.
Bradley Campton pleaded guilty at Warwick Crown Court to assaulting Ravi Bhopal during an incident in July, causing him actual bodily harm.
The Bhopal Saga is an attempt to bring order from the chaos of events before, during, and after the methyl isocyanate (MIC) release.