Bhotia

Bhotia

 

a term encompassing several Tibetan-language groups of people of the Himalaya Mountains. The Bhotia live mainly in Sikkim and Nepal, as well as in Ladakh (Kashmir) and several other regions of India. They number about 800,000, but precise data are lacking. Groups of Bhotia are separated by almost impassable mountains, and they speak in different dialects. Most Bhotias are Buddhists, but in India some are Hindus. Their primary occupations are livestock raising (sheep, goats, yaks) and caravan trade.

REFERENCE

Narody Iuzhnoi Azii. Moscow, 1963.
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Earlier, Bhotia women presented a group dance to add traditional flavour to the opening ceremony.
The research site lies on the northerly border of Hindu ethnicity and caste communities in Nepal, abutting Bhotia (Tibetan-origin) communities to the North, and ensuring residents some of the most marginal cropland in all of Nepal.
The Grading of Sherpa and Bhotia Porters", Himalayan Journal 12.
A "fairly free sexual life" was also observed among the Bhotia of Sikkim (Nakane 1966).
The bhotia brought their customs and knowledge to the area, including the system of Tibetan medicine -- a 1,200-year-old practice employing physical diagnosis, natural medicines and spiritual guidance to treat and heal a variety of illnesses and diseases.
Members of Bhotia tribe today depend upon conventional methods for livelihood.
The ancestors of the Brahman and Chetri caste groups came from India, while other ethnic groups trace their origins to central Asia and Tibet, including the Gurungs and Magars in the west, Rais and Limbus in the east, and Sherpas and Bhotias in the north.
As pointed out by Manzardo and Sharma (1975:26), in the mind of the Nepal government, "the local Bhotias (11) were felt to be untrustworthy since they still had split loyalties [to both Nepal and Tibet].