Bhumibol Adulyadej

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Bhumibol Adulyadej

(po͞o`mēpôl' ädo͝ol`yädĕt'), 1927–2016, king of Thailand (1946–2016), b. Cambridge, Mass. A member of the Chakri dynasty, he was at school in Switzerland when his brother, King Ananda Mahidol, died (1946) under mysterious circumstances. Bhumibol ruled with a regent until 1950, when he was formally crowned Rama IX. The longest-ruling monarch in Thailand's history, he also became in 2000 the longest-reigning ruler in the world. He enjoyed great popular support and became a symbol of national unity. Although his power was largely ceremonial, he actively promoted development projects and was generally a stabilizing force in the country's turbulent politics, intervening several times to resolve governmental crises or criticize government leaders. He generally supported democratic rule, but his displeasure with the government of Prime Minister Thaksin ShinawatraThaksin Shinawatra
, 1949–, Thai business executive and political leader, b. Chiang Mai. Born into a wealthy merchant family, he went into the Thai police service in 1973 and continued his criminal-justice education in the United States.
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 partially contributed to the coup that ousted Thaksin, and he subsequently gave his approval to the coup and new government. He was succeeded by his son, Maha Vajiralongkorn Bodindradebayavarangkun. His name is also romanized as Phumiphon Adunyadet (or Adunlayadet).

Bibliography

See study by P. M. Handley (2006).

References in periodicals archive ?
King Bhumibol, the world's longest reigning monarch, celebrates his birthday on December 5, which also marks the country's National Day.
Dressed in a crisp white military uniform, Prayuth got down on his knees and paid homage to a portrait of King Bhumibol at a ceremony in Bangkok on Monday.
Bhumibol, who is 86 and in poor health, was not present at the ceremony.
Suthep Thaugsuban said there would be a pause on Thursday out of respect for the 86th birthday of King Bhumibol Adulyadej, Reuters reported.
New Delhi, June 26 ( ANI ): The King of Thailand, King Bhumibol Adulyadej, has condoled the loss of lives in the recent Uttarakhand flood tragedy.
Rabat - His Majesty King Mohammed VI sent a congratulation letter to King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand on the occasion of the anniversary of his accession to the throne.
Thai people from across the country gathered at the Royal Plaza in Bangkok on Wednesday to celebrate the 85th birthday of King Bhumibol Adulyadej.
The 85-year-old Thai King Bhumibol Adulyadej, came out of the hospital where he has been treated since 2009 and came to the place.
ISLAMABAD -- On the occasion of 50th anniversary of state visit of Thailand's King Bhumibol Adulyadej and Queen Sirikit of Thailand to Pakistan Post, a function was arranged at Post Mall Islamabad to commemorate the state visit (1962-2012).
Al-Jaber Al-Sabah has on Monday sent a cable of condolence to King Bhumibol
10, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- One of the grandest spectacles in the Kingdom of Thailand, the Royal Barge Procession on the Chao Phraya - the 'River of Kings' - is an ancient tradition that was revived by His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej in 1959.
With a net worth of $30 billion as of July 2010, the King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand tops Forbes' list of the richest royals.