Bhumibol Adulyadej


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Bhumibol Adulyadej

(po͞o`mēpôl' ädo͝ol`yädĕt'), 1927–2016, king of Thailand (1946–2016), b. Cambridge, Mass. A member of the Chakri dynasty, he was at school in Switzerland when his brother, King Ananda Mahidol, died (1946) under mysterious circumstances. Bhumibol ruled with a regent until 1950, when he was formally crowned Rama IX. The longest-ruling monarch in Thailand's history, he also became in 2000 the longest-reigning ruler in the world. He enjoyed great popular support and became a symbol of national unity. Although his power was largely ceremonial, he actively promoted development projects and was generally a stabilizing force in the country's turbulent politics, intervening several times to resolve governmental crises or criticize government leaders. He generally supported democratic rule, but his displeasure with the government of Prime Minister Thaksin ShinawatraThaksin Shinawatra
, 1949–, Thai business executive and political leader, b. Chiang Mai. Born into a wealthy merchant family, he went into the Thai police service in 1973 and continued his criminal-justice education in the United States.
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 partially contributed to the coup that ousted Thaksin, and he subsequently gave his approval to the coup and new government. He was succeeded by his son, Maha Vajiralongkorn Bodindradebayavarangkun. His name is also romanized as Phumiphon Adunyadet (or Adunlayadet).

Bibliography

See study by P. M. Handley (2006).

References in periodicals archive ?
Speaking about the King Bhumibol Adulyadej, the ambassador said, "He is an expert on water management and alternative energy, as well as a practitioner of a sufficiency economy.
ISLAMABAD -- On the occasion of 50th anniversary of state visit of Thailand's King Bhumibol Adulyadej and Queen Sirikit of Thailand to Pakistan Post, a function was arranged at Post Mall Islamabad to commemorate the state visit (1962-2012).
The 85-year-old Thai King Bhumibol Adulyadej, came out of the hospital where he has been treated since 2009 and came to the place.
This came as the King, who began an official visit to Thailand, met Thai King Bhumibol Adulyadej and discussed with him ways of bolstering outstanding Bahraini-Thai relations of friendship and co-operation in the economic, investment and trade fields, lauding the steady growth of bilateral ties, reported the Gulf Daily News, our sister publication.
Dubai: The Thai Community in the UAE celebrated their National Day and the 87th birthday of King Bhumibol Adulyadej on Thursday evening.
Approval from King Bhumibol Adulyadej was a formality.
Prayuth assumed the new post following an endorsement from King Bhumibol Adulyadej, who appointed him as the country's 29th Prime Minister on Monday.
Thailand has been gripped by off-and-on political turmoil since 2006 when former PM Thaksin Shinawatra was toppled by a military coup after being accused of corruption, abuse of power and disrespect for King Bhumibol Adulyadej.
The President, His Highness Shaikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, has sent a cable of congratulations to His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand on the occasion of his birthday.
BANGKOK (TAP) - Thailand's revered King Bhumibol Adulyadej urged the nation to work together for "stability" in a speech on Thursday on his 86th birthday.
According to the BBC, the ceremony, where the military leader reportedly received royal endorsement, was not attended by the 86 year old King Bhumibol Adulyadej.
He stated this in his message on the occasion of 86th birthday anniversary of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand.