Bhumibol Adulyadej

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Bhumibol Adulyadej

(po͞o`mēpôl' ädo͝ol`yädĕt'), 1927–, king of Thailand (1946–), b. Cambridge, Mass. A member of the Chakri dynasty, he was at school in Switzerland when his brother, King Ananda Mahidol, died (1946) under mysterious circumstances. Bhumibol ruled with a regent until 1950, when he was formally crowned Rama IX. The longest-ruling monarch in Thailand's history, in 2000 he also became longest-reigning ruler in the world. He has enjoyed great popular support although his power is largely ceremonial. The king has actively promoted development projects and has been generally a stabilizing force in the country's turbulent politics, intervening several times to resolve governmental crises or criticize government leaders. His displeasure with the government of Prime Minister Thaksin ShinawatraThaksin Shinawatra
, 1949–, Thai business executive and political leader, b. Chiang Mai. Born into a wealthy merchant family, he went into the Thai police service in 1973 and continued his criminal-justice education in the United States.
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 partially contributed to the coup that ousted Thaksin, and the king subsequently gave his approval to the coup and new government. The king's name also appears as Phumiphen.

Bibliography

See study by P. M. Handley (2006).

References in periodicals archive ?
While in town, the 28-year-old princess will preside over the opening this afternoon of an exhibit about her grandfather, King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand, that has been put together at the Jordan Schnitzer Museum of Art by a Thai organization.
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Hassan Rouhani of the Islamic Republic of Iran, President Mohammad Abdul Hamid of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, President Almazibak Atambayev of the Kyrgyz Republic, President Nursultan Nazarbayev of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Head of the Commonwealth, King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand, King Carl XVI Gustaf of the Kingdom of Sweden, President Isaias Afwerki of Eritrea, President Serzh Sargsyan of the Republic of Armenia, Peter Cosgrove, Governor-General of Australia, President Joachim Gauck of the Federal Republic of Germany, President Barak Obama of the United States of America, President Michael Daniel Higgins of Ireland, President Dr.
He is the worldAEs second longest-serving ruler, surpassed only by King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand .
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He is the worldEs second longest-serving ruler, surpassed only by King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand .
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