Bhumibol Adulyadej

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Bhumibol Adulyadej

(po͞o`mēpôl' ädo͝ol`yädĕt'), 1927–, king of Thailand (1946–), b. Cambridge, Mass. A member of the Chakri dynasty, he was at school in Switzerland when his brother, King Ananda Mahidol, died (1946) under mysterious circumstances. Bhumibol ruled with a regent until 1950, when he was formally crowned Rama IX. The longest-ruling monarch in Thailand's history, in 2000 he also became longest-reigning ruler in the world. He has enjoyed great popular support although his power is largely ceremonial. The king has actively promoted development projects and has been generally a stabilizing force in the country's turbulent politics, intervening several times to resolve governmental crises or criticize government leaders. His displeasure with the government of Prime Minister Thaksin ShinawatraThaksin Shinawatra
, 1949–, Thai business executive and political leader, b. Chiang Mai. Born into a wealthy merchant family, he went into the Thai police service in 1973 and continued his criminal-justice education in the United States.
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 partially contributed to the coup that ousted Thaksin, and the king subsequently gave his approval to the coup and new government. The king's name also appears as Phumiphen.


See study by P. M. Handley (2006).

References in periodicals archive ?
Prince Poom, grandson of King Bhumipol Adulyadej, was brought up in America but has lived in Thailand, in the Grand Palace, since his teenage years.
On December 5, 1997, just several months after the outbreak of the economic crisis, King Bhumipol Adulyadej called for a new system of setakit popieng, or educational self-sufficiency, in his annual birthday address to the country.