Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

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Bhutto, Zulfikar Ali

(zo͝ol`fĭkär älē` bo͞ot`tō), 1928–79, Pakistani political leader. Member of a wealthy landowning family, he entered politics as the protégé of General Ayub KhanAyub Khan, Muhammad
, 1907–74, military leader and president (1958–69) of Pakistan. He was commissioned in the British Indian army in 1928 and saw active service as a battalion commander in World War II.
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. Bhutto joined the cabinet in 1958, becoming foreign minister in 1963. Critical of the Indo–Pakistan agreement ending the 1965 war, he left the government and formed (1967) the Pakistan People's party. In the 1970 elections his party won a majority in West Pakistan, but East Pakistan's Awami LeagueAwami League,
political organization in Pakistan and Bangladesh. It was founded in 1949 as an opposition party in Pakistan and had a moderately socialist ideology. The Awami [people's] League, with cofounder Sheikh Mujibur Rahman as its leader from 1953, called in 1966 for a
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, led by Mujibur RahmanMujibur Rahman
, 1921–75, East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) political leader, prime minister of Bangladesh (1972–75), popularly known as Sheikh Mujib. Concerned that East Pakistan was unfairly dominated by West Pakistan, he helped found (1949) the Awami League to fight
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, won an overall majority. Bhutto's refusal to meet Mujibur's demands for East Pakistan's autonomy or for participation in the government led to the (1971) civil war and Indian intervention. (see India-Pakistan WarsIndia-Pakistan Wars,
name given to the series of conflicts between India and Pakistan since 1947, when the Indian subcontinent was partitioned and the two countries became independent of Great Britain. The most violent outbreaks came in 1947–48, 1965, and 1971.
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). When Pakistan was defeated, losing East Pakistan in Dec., 1971, Bhutto took over the presidency. In 1973, under a new constitution, he became prime minister instead, retaining government control. In Feb., 1974, he recognized the former East Pakistan as Bangladesh. Bhutto was reelected in 1977, but was overthrown in a coup by General Zia ul-HaqZia ul-Haq, Mohammad,
1924–88, Pakistani military and political leader. Named general and chief of staff by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in 1976, he declared martial law in July, 1977, in response to agitations against election fraud.
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. Removed from office, Bhutto was convicted of conspiracy to murder. He was executed in 1979, despite international protests.

Bibliography

See his If I Am Assassinated (1979). See also S. Kulmar, The New Pakistan (1979); S. J. Burki, Pakistan Under Bhutto, 1971–1977 (1980).

References in periodicals archive ?
He said that Nusrat Bhutto gave unforgettable sacrifices for the cause of democracy in the country.
Leaders and workers of both the parties paid tribute to late Mir Murtaza Bhutto for carrying forward the mission of his Shaheed father Zulfikar Ali Bhutto.
Talking to a private TV channel Kaira said Imran Khan claims that he is Bhutto of future.
Benazir Bhutto, Premiere ministre a deux reprises (1988 a 1990, 1993 a 1996), avait ete assassinee le 27 decembre 2007 apres un meeting a Rawalpindi, ville jumelle de la capitale Islamabad, peu apres son retour d'exil et a la veille d'elections.
Begum Nusrat married Zulfi Bhutto of Pakistan in 1951 and became First Lady after his election to the office of the Prime Minister in 1973.
Details of the Bhutto murder case will be unveiled soon as the government is completing the probe in line with the United Nations investigation report on Bhutto's assassination," Pakistan Ambassador Jamil Ahmad Khan said while talking to reporters at the function held on Monday to mark the third anniversary of Benazir Bhutto's death.
April 4, 1979 - Ms Bhutto's father, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, is executed for the murder of a political opponent, two years after he was ousted as prime minister in a military coup.
Bhutto was killed in a gun and suicide bomb attack on December 27 in Rawalpindi, a garrison city near the capital Islamabad.
April 4, 1979: Bhutto's father Zulfikar Ali Bhutto is executed for the murder of a political opponent, two years after he was ousted as prime minister in a military coup.
Bhutto, on her way home after years of self-imposed exile, was unhurt in the attack shortly after midnight, which apparently targeted her.
Although Bhutto was charged with corruption and incompetence upon her ouster in November, she was allowed to run against Sharif, whose own term as prime minister was cut short in 1993 by charges of dishonesty.
LARKANA -- The 19th death anniversary of former chairman of Pakistan Peoples Party Shaheed Bhutto (PPPSB), Mir Murtaza Bhutto will be observed on September 20.