Pi Sheng

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Pi Sheng

 

Chinese artisan who initiated book printing with movable letters.

Pi Sheng’s invention dates from 1041–48. Printing elements (hieroglyphs) of baked clay were fixed in iron typesetting forms by means of a resinous mixture that hardened upon cooling. The text was printed on paper after the letters were covered with india ink.

REFERENCE

Flug, K. K. Istoriia kitaiskoi pechatnoi knigi Sunskoi epokhi X-XIII vv. Moscow-Leningrad, 1959.
References in periodicals archive ?
Movable type printing dates back at least to Bi Sheng in China circa 1051, almost 400 years earlier.
There he received numerous prestigious industry honors, including the Bi Sheng Award, the highest honor in the Chinese printing industry, and the National Outstanding Technology Expert Award.