(byälôvyĕ`zhä), Rus. Byelovezhskaya Pushcha, large forest, c.450 sq mi (1,170 sq km), E Poland and W Belarus. The last great first-growth forest of Europe, its varied trees (predominantly pines) shelter many animals, including boar, deer, European bison, and tarpan horse. It was a favorite hunting ground of Polish kings. It passed to Prussia in 1795, was annexed by Russia in 1807, but was restored to Poland in 1921. In 1939, however, the forest was incorporated into the USSR. After World War II nearly half of the region was returned to Poland. Today both sections of the forest have animal preserves. The first Polish national park was established in the center of the forest in 1921.
References in periodicals archive ?
Contract notice: Services in forest management in the bialowieza forest district
Desperate to save them from the Nazis, a Jewish man and his wife reluctantly abandon their 11-year-old daughter and 7-year-old son in Poland's primeval Bialowieza Forest and instruct the children to call themselves Hansel and Gretel to mask their heritage.
We collected data in the Bialowieza National Park (52[degrees]41'N, 23[degrees]52'E, NE-Poland), an old-growth, deciduous temperate forest (Tomialojc 1991, Wesolowski et al.
Some of his back-bred animals were set free in the freshly annexed Bialowieza forest in Poland.
Bialowieza Forest, Belarus/Poland, is an extension of and a new proposal for the Belovezhskaya Pushcha/Bialowieza transboundary site on the border between Poland and Belarus, inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1979.
The Tremadoc and Arenig sediments in the Bialowieza area.
Kahunka, Kartinka, Karvina and Kasztelanka, four females, have come from the eastern Polish park of Bialowieza, which boasts the biggest population of the species in Europe.