Vatican Library

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Vatican Library

or

Vatican Apostolic Library,

in Rome, founded in the 4th cent. but dormant until given new life in the 15th cent. by Pope Nicholas V. It is the oldest public library in Europe and one of the chief libraries of the world. It is constituted primarily as a manuscript library. The first major librarian, Platina (Bartolommeo de' Sacchi), made a catalog of some 2,500 volumes. The library now holds more than 150,000 manuscripts and more than 1.6 million printed books, including some 8,300 incunabulaincunabula
, plural of incunabulum
[Late Lat.,=cradle (books); i.e., books of the cradle days of printing], books printed in the 15th cent. The known incunabula represent about 40,000 editions.
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, and is especially rich in books on paleography, history, art history, classical literature, and philology. These figures do not include the vast Vatican archives, a separate collection of more than 150,000 items, a collection of more than 300,000 coins and medals and more than 70,000 prints and engravings.

Facilities of the library were greatly improved in the 20th cent., although the staff and funding remain small. With funds supplied principally by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, librarians from the United States did much work (1927–30) in cataloging and classifying the contents of the library. Microfilms of most of the library's great manuscript collection were deposited at St. Louis Univ. in 1957. The Vatican Library has worked extensively with American computer companies, who helped to make its catalog of modern printed books available online in 1985 and in 2002 began a project to post images online of its complete collection of books and manuscripts.

References in periodicals archive ?
The maps are from various institutions, including the NLA's collections, the British Library, Bibliotheque Nationale de France, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, National Museum of Australia, and private collections.
19) By contrast, the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (BAV; RISM sigla: I-Rvat; Cabimus number 366, Anagrafe code IT-RM1360), is the Pope's private library, which is open to the public according to his will but with none of the duties of a national library.
Half the collection does deal with rights and property, and I believe that the editor of the collection, Theo Kolzer, came to a much more balanced conclusion about Gregory's purpose that is far more convincing--"Schwerpunkt der Collectio Farensis ist der Schultz des Kirchengutes in weitesten Sinn" (Collectio canonum Regesto Farfensi inserta, Monumenta iuris canonici, Series B, 5 [Citta del Vaticano: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 1982], 74).
The present study is based upon the only surviving manuscript copy of the thirteenth-century version of the Hadith Bayad wa-Riyad (BR), which has formed part of the collection of the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (Ris.
73) The manuscript in the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana has "Vecelli" crossed out, with the correction of "Vercelli" (with an r) written above in the same hand.
Proudly described as 'the finest since ancient times' by his bookseller, Vespasiano da Bisticci, it was purchased by Pope Alexander vii in 1657, and survives intact as part of the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana.
1471-1484): Die Chorbucher 14 und 51 des Fondo Cappella sistina der Biblioteca apostolica vaticana, Capellae Apostolicae Sixtinaeque Collectanea Acta Monumenta, 1 [Vatican City: Biblioteca apostolica vaticana, 1991]; Steib cites only the unpublished version of Roth's dissertation from 1982).
Finora se ne conosceva solo una copia settecentesca depositata nella Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana e menzionata nell'Iter Italicum di Kristeller.
Fra questi spicca l'Urbinate Latino 366 della Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana risalente al 1352, e su detto manoscritto, con le correzioni degli errori di sostanza, si fonda l'edizione curata da Sanguineti.
The Art Publishing Group has been given worldwide exclusive publishing rights to publish fine art prints and limited editions from the archive of the Vatican Library or Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (BAV).
Blackburn collected and interpreted the important evidence concerning tablets contained in the massive volume of letters and theoretical writings, Vatican City, Biblioteca apostolica vaticana, Vat.
Thirty-two of the most revered and precious objects from the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticano, Museo Sacra, the Pinacoteca Vaticana, the Tesoro della Sagrestia Pontificana, and the Cross of Justin II from the Treasury of St.