Bibracte


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Bibracte

(bĭbrăk`tē), former capital of the AeduiAedui
or Haedui
, Gallic people, occupying in the 1st cent. B.C. a part of what later became Burgundy. Defeated by Ariovistus and at odds with their Gallic neighbors, they were allies of the Romans.
..... Click the link for more information.
, site atop Mont Beuvray, central France. There Caesar defeated (58 B.C.) the Helvetii (see Gallic WarsGallic Wars
, campaigns in Gaul led by Julius Caesar in his two terms as proconsul of Cisalpine Gaul, Transalpine Gaul, and Illyricum (58 B.C.–51 B.C.). Caesar's first campaign was to prevent the Helvetii (who lived N of the Lake of Geneva) from crossing the Roman
..... Click the link for more information.
). Excavations on the site have revealed a Gallic town.

Bibracte

 

an ancient city which was the center of the Gallic tribe of the Aedui. Its site occupies an area of 135 hectares atop Mont Beuvray, located 27 km from the town of Autun, France. The city was fortified by a moat and by a wall made of stone and wood. Excavations have revealed the stone foundations of houses, including single-room dwellings, sunk deep in the earth; artisans’ workshops; and rich, multiroom villas. Bronze and iron weapons, clay pottery, coins, and other artifacts were also discovered. In 58 B.C., Julius Caesar defeated the Helvetii at Bibracte. At the end of the first century B.C. the population was resettled by the Romans in the town of Augustodunum (now Autun), but even as late as the fourth century A.D. Bibracte remained the center of the cult of a local goddess.

REFERENCE

Déchelette, J. Manuel d’ archéologie préhistorique celtique et galloromaine, vol. 4. Paris, 1927. Pages 452–63.
References in periodicals archive ?
Contract notice: Complementary health for staff of bibracte.
The inspiring contribution of Lukas stands out in that it analyses the term 'oppidum from a historical-semantic perspective, including its usage, context and (significant) transformation among the earliest scholars excavating and studying Bibracte.
In a series of bloody battles such as the Battle of the Arar River, Bibracte and the Battle of Vosges, Caesar stabilized the situation and paved the way for further campaigns against the Gauls, Germans, and Britons.
From the wonder of the Puy de Dome to the majestic mountaintop abbey church of Vezelay to the allegedly haunted hill of Bibracte, An Enchanting Journey takes in the sights and sounds of places with deep roots in history.
He lived in the Aeduan settlement of Bibracte during the winter of 52 B.
Eisenzeitliche Urbanisationsprozesse (Collection Bibracte 4).
4: les mutations de la fin de l'age du fer (Collection Bibracte 12/4): 169-79.
Die Entdeckung der keltischen Frauen or 'Daily life and splendour: the discovery of Celtic women') is ah exhibition which was first staged at Bibracte in 2005 as Tresors des femmes and briefly mentioned by Megaw in Antiquity in 2007 (81: 411).
Glux-en-Glenne: Bibracte, Centre archeologique europeen.
At Bibracte itself the Musee de la Civilisation celtique, a striking and remarkably airy as well as flexible exhibition space, has been established, tucked into the hill-slope below the oppidum (Romero & Maillier 2006).
The re-use of amphorae as water pipes is surprisingly rare -- I know of examples at Gela, Eyguieres, Bibracte, Rome, Cagliari, Nora and Gortyn: does anyone know others?
Les remparts de Bibracte: recherches recentes sur la Porte do Rebout et le trace des fortifications (Collection Bibracte 3).