Marie François Xavier Bichat

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Bichat, Marie François Xavier

 

Born Nov. 14, 1771, in Thoirette; died July 22, 1802, in Paris. French anatomist, physiologist, and physician.

Bichat studied at Montpellier, Lyon, and Paris. He worked as a physician in a Paris hospital from 1799 to the end of his life. Bichat created a scientific classification of tissues, which, according to his theory, unite into systems (for example, bones and muscles) and form organs of the body. The terms “tissue” and “system” were first introduced into medicine by Bichat. According to Bichat, the totality of systems and their elementary functions constitute the life processes of the body. In his Weltanschauung, Bichat was an idealist who believed in the presence of a life-force which is unknowable and distinguishes the animate from the vegetable and inanimate.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Fiziologicheskie issledovaniia o zhizni i smerti. St. Petersburg, 1865.

REFERENCES

Lunkevich, V. V. Ot Geraklita do Darvina, vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940.
Olmsted, J. Franqois Magendie. New York, 1945.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cuando Xavier Bichat murio, el cirujano Jean-Nicolas Corvisart escribio a Napoleon que Bichat acababa de morir.
y Loh HS (1991) presentaron tres casos en los que se uso injerto pediculado de la bola adiposa de Bichat sin ningun tipo de recubrimiento.
La bola adiposa conocida como Corpus Adeposum Buccae fue descrita por Bichat en 1802.
En su esfuerzo por resolver estos problemas, la anatomia de Bichat hace caer todas sus significaciones primitivas ?
Nor is it clear what "life" is: for Bichat a kind of "bare" life that he calls "organic" coexists with, but does not coincide with, a higher "animal" life (Agamben 14-15; Bichat 3-30, a3-7), while for Johann Christian Red, who also blazed new paths in the treatment of mental illness, the same components can be found (differently arranged) in living and nonliving matter (Richards 252-88).
Philippe Manasche of Hospital Bichat in Paris, France, whose group also used muscle cells, said that in some cases, improvement in blood pumping ability has lasted 2 years, the longest followup period to date.
So far, there are no signs of ill effects from the introduced cells, says Philippe Menasche of the Hospital Bichat in Paris.
Bichat (1771/1802), quien se acerca a la muerte para descubrir la vida.
For Bichat, whose science supported the notion of a "blood consciousness," passing was impossible and would lead to disaster and further unhappiness.
From Mesmer, Maine de Biran, Bichat, Cabanis, Deleuze, Bertrand, Pinel, and Esquirol, to Lelut, Leuret, Brierre de Boismont, Maury, Taine, Hervey, Delboeuf, Janet, Ribot, and Freud, whose The Interpretation of Dreams (1900) marks the terminus ad quem of the enquiry, key terms (particularly somnambulisme and hallucination) are carefully analysed, and the contributions made to the debate are judiciously assessed.
Data were prospectively collected for each person 75 years and older admitted from home to acute medical care units through the emergency departments of two teaching hospitals in Paris (Pitie-Salpetriere and Bichat hospitals) during 2-month periods 1 December 1991 to 1 February 1992 and 1 May to 1 July 1992.