Biens Nationaux

Biens Nationaux

 

a term introduced in France during the Great French Revolution and since retained in historical literature to designate both movable and immovable property confiscated by the state. On Nov. 2, 1789, a law was adopted on the confiscation of church lands. On Feb. 9–12, 1792, the property of émigrés was confiscated and put on sale; in October 1793 the same was done with the property of persons who had been executed. At a meeting held from Feb. 26 to Mar. 3, 1794, the National Convention sanctioned the confiscation of the property of all enemies of the revolution and its transfer without compensation to “needy patriots.”

The greater part of these biens nationaux ended up in the hands of the bourgeoisie and the affluent peasantry. During the Restoration, unsold land that had been part of the biens nationaux was returned to former ownership. By a law of Apr. 27, 1825, the owners of all biens nationaux that had been subsequently sold received cash compensation that totaled about 1 billion francs.

References in periodicals archive ?
Le ministre a annonce par ailleurs le demarrage de l'elaboration d'une carte numerique des biens de l'Eetat pour un montant de 400 millions de dinars dont 700 mille dinars seulement ont ete mobilises, outre le code des biens nationaux qui sera discute lors d'un conseil ministeriel le mois courant avant d'etre soumis en decembre a l'ARP.
10) See Bernard Bodinier- Eric Teyssier, L 'Evenement le plus important de la Revolution : la vente des biens nationaux (Editions du comite des travaux historiques et scientifiques, 2000).
Recueil des textes legislatifs et administratifs concernant les biens nationaux, above, p.
Selon Gribaudi, ce phenomene est aide par la vente des biens nationaux a la suite de la Revolution francaise.
1988 Les biens nationaux dans le departement de l'Eure, 1789-1827, tesis de Estado, Paris I, 4 vol.
2004b <<Vente de biens nationaux et marche de la terre.
4) Jean-Claude Martin, La vente des biens nationaux dans le Domfrontais, Structures et mutations de la propriete fonciere, 1789-1822, tesis de tercer ciclo, Universite de Caen, Caen, Francia, 1989.
In this regard, the author analyzes with considerable acumen the role played by the biens nationaux in the consolidation of the Revolution among moderate classes and the absorption of the revolutionary heritage into the socialism of the industrial age.
A majority of these installations were sold as biens nationaux, primarily to ironmasters, ironworks leasees, and businessmen.
Il a ete decide, egalement, de faire participer l'UTAP dans les commissions, creees au sein du ministere et chargees des questions legislatives relatives au foncier agricole, telles que la commission chargee du code des biens nationaux.
Nous avons lance le projet du code des biens nationaux afin de mettre en place toutes les procedures juridiques necessaires et developper la gestion des biens de l'Etat[beaucoup plus grand que],a-t-il dit.
Pour le secretaire general du parti socialiste Mohamed Kilani le projet de budget de 2016 se refere a la doctrine liberale d'autant qu'il s'oriente vers la vente des biens nationaux, a travers le mecanisme des Sukuks islamique, appelant les investisseurs nationaux a assumer leur responsabilite dans ce domaine.