Bignoniaceae


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Bignoniaceae

[‚big·nō·nē′ās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous trees or shrubs in the order Scrophulariales characterized by a corolla with mostly five lobes, mature seeds with little or no endosperm and with wings, and opposite or whorled leaves.

Bignoniaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants, close to the family Scrophulariaceae. They are trees, shrubs, lianas, and, more rarely, grasses. The leaves are mostly opposite, and many plants have compound leaves. The flowers are bisexual, fairly large, zygomorphic, often brightly colored, and gathered in paniculate, umbellate, or other sorts of clusters; single flowers are rare. The calyx and corolla are pentamerous. There are generally four developed stamens (the fifth is transformed into a staminode); the pistil consists of two carpels, and there is an upper, bilocular ovary. The fruit is a pod. There are approximately 120 genera and 800 species, mainly in tropical and subtropical lands, especially in South America. In the USSR there are two species of wild Bignoniaceae of the genus Incarvillea (one in Middle Asia and one in the Far East), and one monotypic endemic genus Niedzwedzkia, which grows in Middle Asia. Some Bignoniaceae are raised in the USSR as decorative plants, including lianas from the genera Bignonia, Tecomaria, and Campsis and catalpa and paulownia trees. The Bignoniaceae having the greatest practical value are the South American calabash tree Crescentia and species of the genus Jacaranda, which yield the valuable rosewood.

REFERENCE

Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Stevens ASTERACEAE Dasyphyllum vagans (Gardner) Cabrera BIGNONIACEAE Fridericia pubescens (L.
Tracheoid Variation among Bignoniaceae Seed Wings, with Emphasis on Campsis radicans.
Una vez mas, la familia Fabaceae presento el mayor numero de especies (29 = 14,4%), seguida de Rubiaceae (15 = 7,5%), Euphorbiaceae, Malvaceae, Moraceae y Sapindaceae (8 = 4,0%, cada una) y Bignoniaceae (7 = 3,3%) (Figura 2c).
Moreover, there are no studies in the Bignoniaceae family about seed responses to short and mid-wavelengths.
Famillia Leguminosae 52% Rhamnaceae 12% Melinaceae 6% Sterculiaceae 6% Musaceae 5% Bignoniaceae 4% Rutaceae 4% Anacardiaceae 3% Moraceae 3% Malvaceae 2% Famillias Leguminosae 19% Rhamnaceae 18% Melinaceae 16% Sterculiaceae 7% Musaceae 6% Bignoniaceae 5% Rutaceae 5% Anacardiaceae 5% Moraceae 4% Malvaceae 2% Nota: Tabla derivada de grafico de barra.
Sabia muy bien que pertenecia a la familia de los bignoniaceae y especificamente a la especie Crescentia alata y hablo con admiracion de las redondas formas que cuelgan de los arboles, pero no se atrevio a decir el secreto que ahora, con pruebas contundentes, yo voy a develar.
Unlike most romaleines, it is a moderate food plant specialist, mostly eating Solanaceae, with some Bignoniaceae and Asteraceae.
Tabela 4--Especies florestais encontradas em viveiros de mudas localizados em Manaus, adequadas a area em questao: Familia Nome Cinetifico Nome Popular ARECACEAE Mauritia flexuosa Buriti Euterpe oleracea Acai do Para Oenocarpus bataua Pataua GUTTIFERAE Rheedia gardneriana Bacuri de Igapo MELIACEAE Carapa guianensis Andiroba BIGNONIACEAE Tabebuia sp.
Bignoniaceae, also known as Radermachera ignea Kurz, grows wildly in north Myanmar, north Thailand, Loas, Vietnam and south China.
A plant family that is not often used by the folk medicinal or tribal medicinal practitioners (henceforth both will be referred to as folk medicinal practitioners or Kavirajes unless necessary otherwise) in Bangladesh is the Bignoniaceae family.
Genus Family Order 1 Paulownia Bignoniaceae, Paulowniaceae Lamiales 2 Hymenosporum Pittosporaceae Apiales 3 Cotyledon Crassulaceae Saxifragales 4 Hebe Scrophulariaceae, Plantaginaceae Lamiales 5 Prunus Rosaceae, Amygdalaceae Rosales 6 Hypericum Clusiaceae, Hypericaceae Malpighiales 7 Kunzea Myrtaceae Myrtales 8 Primula Primulaceae Ericales 9 Citrus Rutaceae Sapindales 10 Eremophila Myoporaceae, Scrophulariaceae Lamiales 11 Nicotiana Solanaceae Solanales 12 Gossypium Malvaceae Malvales Genus Floral Formula 1 Paulownia [up arrow] K(5) [?
El bosque secundario estuvo representado por una zona transicional con alto grado de perturbacion y dominado en su mayoria por especies caducifolias de las cuales hacen parte Capparidaceae, Teofrastaceae, Annonaceae, Bignoniaceae y Phytolacacaeae.