Biliar


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Biliar

 

a Bulgar city. The gorodishche (site of a fortified town) is in the village of Biliarsk, Tatar ASSR. Bihar’s existence dates back to the tenth century. The period of its greatest development dates to the 12th and early 13th centuries, when Biliar was the capital of Bulgaria on the Volga and the Kama. The Russian chronicle calls it “The Great City.” In 1236, Biliar was destroyed by the Mongol Tatars, after which it lost its former economic importance. The excavations of A. S. Bashkirov in 1928 uncovered brick buildings and a graveyard. Artifacts have been found which were made by local artisans, as well as some made by Eastern artisans from Iran, Middle and Southwest Asia, China, Byzantium, the Caucasus, and Russia. Since 1967 systematic excavation has been in progress under the direction of A. Kh. Khalikov.

REFERENCE

Smirnov, A. P. Volzhskie bulgary. Moscow, 1951.

A. P. SMIRNOV

References in periodicals archive ?
La concentracion serica de bilirrubina se elevo en casos de obstruccion biliar severa (1), especialmente la fraccion directa (5).
Normalmente el parenquima hepatico tiene una ecogenicidad homogenea de nivel medio, comparada con la de corteza renal y bazo (2, 4, 9, 13, 15), siendo posible distinguir con relativa facilidad las estructuras ocupadas con liquido de aquellas con tejido blando y solido, como asi tambien la visualizacion de anormalidades en la vesicula biliar, vasos hepaticos y organos adyacentes (4,9,15,17).
Estes resultados corroboram os obtidos por Kurokawa e Suzuki (1995; 1996), nos quais foi demonstrado que o pancreas primordial em Paralichthys olivaceus e diferenciado a partir do intestino anterior, sendo tambem histologicamente mostrado que o ducto pancreatico abre-se no lumen do intestino anterior e ao longo do ducto biliar.
O sangue e as visceras foram coletados e pesados, e o trato gastrintestinal, bexiga e vesicula biliar, somente apos serem esvaziados e limpos, para a obtencao do peso do corpo vazio (PCV).
One hundred seven slides were obtained from fresh material: sputum (n = 65), stool (n = 19), lymph node aspirate (n = 12), bronchoaspirate (n = 4), urine (n = 3), skin biopsy (n = 2), biliar liquid (n = 1), and pericardial fluid (n = 1).