bilingual education


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bilingual education,

the sanctioned use of more than one language in U.S. education. The Bilingual Education Act (1968), combined with a Supreme Court decision (1974) mandating help for students with limited English proficiency, requires instruction in the native languages of students. The National Association for Bilingual Education (founded 1975) is the main U.S. professional and advocacy organization for blingual education. Critics (including the national group English First), who maintain that some students never join mainstream classes, have attempted to make English the "official" language in several states and cities; state ballot initiatives approved in California (1998) and Arizona (2000) mostly eliminated bilingual education programs there. Bilingualism proponents note the importance of ethnic heritage and the preservation of language and culture, as well as the need to educate non-English-speaking students in all subjects, not just English.

Bibliography

See K. Hakuta, Mirror of Language: The Debate on Bilingualism (1986); J. Cummins and D. Corson, Bilingual Education (1997); and H. Kloss, The American Bilingual Tradition (1998).

References in periodicals archive ?
The ballot measure essentially repealed Proposition 227, the 1998 law that made It tougher for districts to offer bilingual education.
Charlotte Borowski, Jenna Chenery, Vai Mahutariki and Nickie Slater flew in from their homeland to spend two weeks learning about how bilingual education is planned and delivered in Wales.
He said, I am happy to inform you that the Board of Executive Directors of the Bank has recently approved US$98 million to implement the Bilingual education programme in Nigeria.
Languages of instruction, cultural identity, and bilingual education have been researched and documented within Canadian Inuit community contexts as part of a voluminous academic discourse (Annahatak, 1994; Crago, Annahatak, & Ningiuruvik, 1993; Cummins, 1990; Dorais & Sammons, 2002; Freeman, Stairs, Corbiere, & Lazore, 1995; McAlpine & Herodier, 1994; Tagalik, 1998; Taylor, 1990, 2002; Taylor, Crago, & McAlpine, 1993).
The demand for bilingual education in Cardiff has grown exponentially over the past decade and Whitchurch is leading the way.
Quezada is not seeking a return to bilingual education, but says that without improved methods of teaching English, LAUSD students will ``get stuck at that intermediate fluency.
On that day, Californians voted to end bilingual education and the use of languages other than English for instruction in the public schools.
Despite this, bilingual education is often considered a controversial issue (Baker, 2001).
The reply to opposition of bilingual education is given by Danesi who states that:
After all, many education schools focus less on enhancing student performance than on proposing unproven instructional approaches such as bilingual education and critical pedagogy.
Ellis of Mold turns her nose up at bilingual education in Wales (Letters, February 4), yet it has been proved, worldwide, thatlearning a second language represents intellectual and cultural enrichment on the part of an individual.
Massachusetts Department of Education officials have yet to nail down specific steps needed to transform the program, the first step being from bilingual education to transitional bilingual education.

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