Billie Holiday

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Holiday, Billie,

1915–59, American singer, b. Baltimore. Her original name was Eleanora Fagan. She began singing professionally in 1930, and after performing with numerous bands—especially those of Benny GoodmanGoodman, Benny
(Benjamin David Goodman), 1909–86, American clarinetist, composer, and band leader, b. Chicago. Goodman studied clarinet at Hull House. In Chicago he had the opportunity to hear (and eventually to play beside) some of the outstanding jazz musicians of the
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, Teddy Wilson, Count BasieBasie, Count
(William Basie) , 1904–84, American jazz pianist, bandleader, and composer, b. Red Bank, N.J. After working in dance halls and vaudeville in New York City, Basie moved to Kansas City, a major jazz center.
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, and Artie ShawShaw, Artie,
1910–2004, American clarinetist and bandleader, b. New York City as Arthur Jacob Arshawsky. He began playing professionally as a teenager, becoming a studio musician in New York after 1929.
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—she embarked in 1940 on a career of solo appearances in nightclubs and theaters. Her highly personal approach to a song, her individual phrasing and intonation, and the often rough but highly emotional quality of her voice soon earned her a supreme position among modern jazz singers. Although she was financially successful, she suffered many personal disasters, complicated by the drug addiction that she could not overcome and that eventually destroyed her career and hastened her death. She was also known as Lady Day.


See her sometimes factually inaccurate autobiography (1956); biographies by D. Clarke (1994) and S. Nicholson (1995), critical biography by J. Szwed (2015); D. Margolick, Strange Fruit (2000).

Holiday, (Eleanora) Billie “Lady Day”

(1915–59) jazz musician; born in Baltimore, Md. She is the most widely celebrated and influential singer in jazz history, but also one of its most tragic figures, her career hampered by drug addiction, prison sentences, and racial injustice. Between 1933–42, she made a brilliant series of small group recordings featuring Teddy Wilson and Lester Young and appeared with the big bands of Count Basie and Artie Shaw. Her 1939 recording of "Strange Fruit," which depicted a lynching, was a cause célèbre. She appeared in several films, including New Orleans (1946), but by the end of the 1940s her voice had begun to deteriorate, taking on a fragile huskiness that initially added to her emotional appeal. She continued to record and appear as a nightclub performer until 1959. Her autobiography, Lady Sings the Blues, was published in 1956 and was the basis for a 1973 film biography.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cuando se toma esto en cuenta y se piensa en el peso que Billie Holiday ha tenido a lo largo de ochenta anos entre quienes cultivan ese genero musical (y la musica popular en general) se comprende que sea considerada como una de las grandes figuras culturales de nuestro tiempo.
She was mesmerised when she first heard Billie Holiday singing God Bless The Child on the radio.
Jim Ralph said to me it sounded like Billie Holiday a little, so how about doing a show?
This article explores the 1949 arrest, trial, and acquittal of prominent jazz singer, Billie Holiday, for possession of narcotics.
Billie Holiday came up hard and was often hooked on drugs.
For this reason, in its attention to black avant-garde artistry from the 1950s and 1960s, Moten's work focuses as much on music and visual art as it does on literature, and seems particularly interested in readings (or soundings) of jazz musicians such as Duke Ellington, Cecil Taylor, and Miles Davis--as well as the later, more troubled work of jazz and blues vocalist Billie Holiday.
He achieved iconic status in the late 1980s when his Billie Holiday vocals turned an insignificant New York piano bar, Bar d'O, into an institution.
Southern trees bear a strange fruit/blood on the leaves and blood at the root" begins "Strange Fruit," the chilling song made famous by singer Billie Holiday.
For those interested in taking this fascinating seminar in bite-sized pieces, Sony has also released 10 separate CDs of the Ken Burns Jazz Collection, each featuring artists from Louis Armstrong to Billie Holiday to Ella Fitzgerald to John Coltrane.
If You Can't Be Free, Be a Mystery: In Search of Billie Holiday
But other pieces, such as a reflection on Mario Puzo and the mafia, and richly drawn commentaries on Count Basie, Duke Ellington, and Billie Holiday, explore turf that is not associated with the author of classic texts such as Age of Extremes.