Benjamin Netanyahu

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Netanyahu, Benjamin or Binyamin

(bēn`yəmēn' nĕtənyä`ho͞o), 1949–, Israeli diplomat and politician, prime minister of Israel (1996–99, 2009–), b. Tel Aviv. A member of the conservative Likud party, the self-assured Netanyahu, known universally in Israel as "BiBi," attended high school in the United States, where his father was a history professor. He was an officer in an elite Israeli commando unit from 1967 to 1972 and later studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (B.Sc. 1974, M.Sc. 1976). Returning to Israel in 1978, he became active in politics and served as Israel's UN representative (1984–88). First elected to Israel's parliament in 1988, he became deputy foreign minister (1988–91) and deputy prime minister (1991–92). During this period he earned a reputation for American-style media savvy.

As leader (1993–99) of the Likud party, Netanyahu was largely responsible for engineering its return to political power after its 1992 electoral defeat. An opponent of the peace policies espoused by Israel's Labor government, he was criticized for cultivating Jewish extremist support after the 1995 assassination of Prime Minister Yitzhak RabinRabin, Yitzhak
, 1922–95, Israeli general and statesman, b. Jerusalem, the first native-born prime minister of Israel (1974–77, 1992–95). His extensive military experience began in 1940 when he joined the Haganah (Jewish militia) and thereafter fought in the
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. Narrowly elected in May, 1996, he became Israel's youngest prime minister, promising a tough stance on terrorism. His tenure was marked by difficult peace talks with the Palestinians. Corruption scandals in his cabinet and strong reactions to his personality contributed to his May, 1999, loss to One Israel (Labor) party leader Ehud BarakBarak, Ehud
, 1942–, Israeli military and political leader, prime minister of Israel (1999–2001). The son of East European immigrants in Palestine, he was born Ehud Brog, later adopting the Hebrew name Barak [lightning].
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. Subsequently, Netanyahu served under Prime Minister Ariel SharonSharon, Ariel
, 1928–2014, Israeli general and politician, b. Kfar Malal as Ariel Scheinerman. As a teenager he joined the Haganah, the underground Zionist military brigade, and took his Hebrew name from the Sharon Plain, where he worked in 1947.
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 as foreign minister (2002–3) and as finance minister (2003–5), but resigned and unsuccessfully challenged (2005) Sharon for the Likud leadership when Israel withdrew its settlers and forces from the Gaza Strip. When Sharon subsequently left Likud, Netanyahu became party leader; the party did poorly in the 2006 elections. A better showing in the 2009 elections enabled him to become prime minister of a largely right-wing coalition government in Apr., 2009; the centrist Kadima party joined the coalition in 2012. Despite Likud alliance loses, he remained prime minister after the 2013 elections, this time heading a center-right coalition, but the government only lasted until Dec., 2014. New elections in 2015 resulted in a Likud plurality, and Netanyahu formed a largely right-wing coalition government in May.

References in periodicals archive ?
Washington, Mar 25(ANI): The United States and Israel have failed to resolve a diplomatic crisis sparked off by Israel's housing plans for East Jerusalem, despite a high-level visit to Washington by Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu.
Rogue Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu will come to regret his attempted humiliation.
After failing to meet the deadline to form a new government, Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu , has been given an extra 14 days to try to forge partnerships for his coalition.
Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu clarifies that Israel is not seeking any conflict with Lebanon .
Jerusalem, Nov 27 (ANI): Israel's Sports and Culture Minister Limor Livnat has left the Netanyahu government red faced after calling the Obama administration "horrible" a day after Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu announced that the security cabinet had approved a partial moratorium on building in the West Bank.
PNN The Jerusalem Post An Israeli prisoner at Hadarim Detention Center in central Israel has been arrested for sending a death threat to Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu, Israeli newspaper reported Thursday.
Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu says Iran is moving ahead toward a nuclear weapons capability and warned that his country would act by itself if necessary to prevent that from happening.
Israeli prime minister, Binyamin Netanyahu, has demanded that the Palestinian Authority step in to calm the situation down.
Jewish Ma'ariv daily said that Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu
The attack on Sunday evening came hours after Binyamin Netanyahu, the Israeli prime minister, vowed a "powerful" response to recent attacks from the territory.
20 (ANI): Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu will seek a final-peace accord with the Palestine Authority if talks resume, and not an interim solution.
Kerry spoke on Monday with Israeli negotiator Tzipi Livni and called Israel's Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu.