Benjamin Netanyahu

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Netanyahu, Benjamin or Binyamin

(bēn`yəmēn' nĕtənyä`ho͞o), 1949–, Israeli diplomat and politician, prime minister of Israel (1996–99, 2009–), b. Tel Aviv. A member of the conservative Likud party, the self-assured Netanyahu, known universally in Israel as "BiBi," attended high school in the United States, where his father was a history professor. He was an officer in an elite Israeli commando unit from 1967 to 1972 and later studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (B.Sc. 1974, M.Sc. 1976). Returning to Israel in 1978, he became active in politics and served as Israel's UN representative (1984–88). First elected to Israel's parliament in 1988, he became deputy foreign minister (1988–91) and deputy prime minister (1991–92). During this period he earned a reputation for American-style media savvy.

As leader (1993–99) of the Likud party, Netanyahu was largely responsible for engineering its return to political power after its 1992 electoral defeat. An opponent of the peace policies espoused by Israel's Labor government, he was criticized for cultivating Jewish extremist support after the 1995 assassination of Prime Minister Yitzhak RabinRabin, Yitzhak
, 1922–95, Israeli general and statesman, b. Jerusalem, the first native-born prime minister of Israel (1974–77, 1992–95). His extensive military experience began in 1940 when he joined the Haganah (Jewish militia) and thereafter fought in the
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. Narrowly elected in May, 1996, he became Israel's youngest prime minister, promising a tough stance on terrorism. His tenure was marked by difficult peace talks with the Palestinians. Corruption scandals in his cabinet and strong reactions to his personality contributed to his May, 1999, loss to One Israel (Labor) party leader Ehud BarakBarak, Ehud
, 1942–, Israeli military and political leader, prime minister of Israel (1999–2001). The son of East European immigrants in Palestine, he was born Ehud Brog, later adopting the Hebrew name Barak [lightning].
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. Subsequently, Netanyahu served under Prime Minister Ariel SharonSharon, Ariel
, 1928–2014, Israeli general and politician, b. Kfar Malal as Ariel Scheinerman. As a teenager he joined the Haganah, the underground Zionist military brigade, and took his Hebrew name from the Sharon Plain, where he worked in 1947.
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 as foreign minister (2002–3) and as finance minister (2003–5), but resigned and unsuccessfully challenged (2005) Sharon for the Likud leadership when Israel withdrew its settlers and forces from the Gaza Strip. When Sharon subsequently left Likud, Netanyahu became party leader; the party did poorly in the 2006 elections. A better showing in the 2009 elections enabled him to become prime minister of a largely right-wing coalition government in Apr., 2009; the centrist Kadima party joined the coalition in 2012. Despite Likud alliance loses, he remained prime minister after the 2013 elections, this time heading a center-right coalition, but the government only lasted until Dec., 2014. New elections in 2015 resulted in a Likud plurality, and Netanyahu formed a largely right-wing coalition government in May.

References in periodicals archive ?
A television news poll found that 50% of Israelis believe that Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu, beset by corruption accusations, should resign.
PNN/ Bethlehem/ Pro-Palestinian activists in Buenos Aires hung posters of Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu in the Hitler's Schutzstaffel Nazi uniform prior to his visit to Argentina.
The Jewish response may be in part because American Jews are heavily Democratic and supportive of President Obama It may also be because most American Jews are liberal and tend not to look favorably at Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu.
Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu Just two weeks before signed an agreement with the state of California to promote economic and technological relations.
Kerry was scheduled to meet Israeli President Shimon Peres and Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu in Jerusalem tonight but the meetings have been put off until tomorrow due to the snowstorm which hit the region.
On how American Jews are Mostly the Opposite of Israeli PM Binyamin Netanyahu A huge Pew Charitable Trust telephone poll of American Jews confirms many of the things learned by previous religious polls.
Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu has welcomed the European Unionas decision to include Hezbollahas military wing on its list of terrorist organizations.
President Barack Obama on Thursday urged Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu to resume negotiations with the Palestinian Authority "as soon as possible," the White House said in a statement.
Shanghai, May 6 (BNA) - Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu arrived Monday in Shanghai at the beginning of a five day visit to China.
21 ( ANI ): Israeli prime minister Binyamin Netanyahu has vowed to reject international demands to allow a Palestinian state with a border based on the pre-1967 Green Line and its capital in East Jerusalem, as hardline pro-settler parties and factions are expected to make unprecedented gains in Tuesday's election.
GAZA STRIP (TAP) - The Israeli Prime Minister, Binyamin Netanyahu, has said it is prepared for a "significant" widening of its Gaza offensive.
CDATA[ Sources close to the Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu say he was against the Shalit deal.