biodiesel

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biodiesel,

fuel made from natural, renewable sources, such as new and used vegetable oils and animal fats, for use in a diesel enginediesel engine,
type of internal-combustion engine invented by the German engineer Rudolf Diesel and patented by him in 1892. Although his engine was designed to use coal dust as fuel, the diesel engine now burns fuel oil.
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. Biodiesel has physical properties very similar to petroleum-derived diesel fuel, but its emission properties are superior. Using biodiesel in a conventional diesel engine substantially reduces emissions of unburned hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, sulfates, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, nitrated polycyclic aromtic hydrocarbons, and particulate matter. Diesel blends containing up to 20% biodiesel can be used in nearly all diesel-powered equipment, and higher-level blends and pure biodiesel can be used in many engines with little or no modification. Lower-level blends are compatible with most storage and distribution equipment, but special handling is required for higher-level blends.

Biodiesel is made from oils or fats, which are hydrocarbons. Fresh soybean oil is most commonly used, although biodiesel can be made from mustard seed oil or waste vegetable oil (such as used oil from restaurant deep fryers). These hydrocarbons are filtered and mixed with an alcohol, such as methanol, and a catalyst (sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide), resulting in a chemical reaction whose major products are the biodiesel fuel and glycerolglycerol,
 glycerin,
 glycerine,
or 1,2,3-propanetriol
, CH2OHCHOHCH2OH, colorless, odorless, sweet-tasting, syrupy liquid. Glycerol is a trihydric alcohol. It melts at 17.
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Moreover, should the Bio-fuel Act's technical specifications for bio-diesel allow the use of palm oil, the local coconut industry should be able to export more of its products into the world market and help raise the country's dollar reserve, without affecting the country's Bio-fuel program.
Road Transport and Highways minister, Nitin Gadkari, stated that Mercedes India's chief had met him and said that the standards 'which we have prescribed for bio-diesel, Mercedes can use that in its cars and other vehicles.
Lead author of the study Professor Graham Hutchings, director of the Cardiff Catalysis Institute, said: "We've provided unprecedented chemistry that highlights the potential to manufacture bio-diesel in a much more environmentally friendly.
B5 Biodiesel is petroleum diesel that has been blended with used cooking oil (UCO) that has been chemically treated at a bio-diesel processor plant.
Prof Dr Mumtaz Wasim revealed that the experience of bio-diesel proved successful after a tubewell was operated with it.
Bio-diesel is made by adding other oils, usually from plants such as palm, to the traditional fuel to make it more environmentally friendly.
Unlike Earth-100's conventional bio-diesel package that was developed by Mahindra and could only be administered on the Scorpio, the SVO package can be administered on any kind of car imaginable.
The product is an enzyme designed to improve yields and overall economics of edible oil and bio-diesel production.
There are numerous kinds of algae that can be used to produce bio-diesel or bio-fuel.
They estimate converting the 5000 litres of used vegetable oil thrown out annually into bio-diesel will save at least pounds 100,000 a year.
Earlier, the meeting was informed that AEDB has been assigned by the ECC of the Federal Cabinet to implement the National Bio-diesel program.