bioinformatics

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bioinformatics

[‚bī·ō‚in·fər′mad·iks]
(computer science)
The use of computers to study biological systems.

bioinformatics

(application)
The field of science concerning the application of computer science and information technology to biology; using computers to handle biological information, especially computational molecular biology.

bioinformatics

Using computers in biological research to analyze or predict the composition of molecules (nucleic acids, proteins, etc.) and model biologic systems. Bioinformatics is most prominent in the Human Genome Project, which has recorded the three billion chemical base pairs that make up the human DNA system. See biotechnology and Human Genome Project.
References in periodicals archive ?
Potential of bio-informatics applications and market predictions of trends in US expenditure on IT solutions.
In particular it is especially relevant for those in mechanical and electrical engineering, as well as those in artificial intelligence, machine learning, bio-informatics, and operational research.
Among them are intelligent systems; hybrid intelligent systems and hybrid soft computing; methodologies, tools, and operations research; bio-informatics and bio-medical simulation; image, speech, and signal processing; industry, business, and management; engineering of the civil, mechanical, chemical, industrial, manufacturing, and control varieties; energy, power generation, and distribution; virtual reality, visualization, and computer games; parallel and distributed architectures and systems; mobile and ad hoc wireless networks, mobicast, sensor placement, and target tracking; the performance engineering of computer and communications systems; and circuits, sensors, and devices.
It was also observed that US help is needed in research and human resource development, especially in areas of Genomics, Advanced Biotechnology, Climate Change, Bio-informatics, Bio-safety and international trade.
Finally, he seeks to show that statistical relational learning approaches naturally yield kernels for structured data and demonstrates these approaches using examples from genetics, bio-informatics, and classical planning domains.
It was also emphasized that US help is needed in research and human resource development especially in areas of Genomics, advanced biotechnology, climate change, bio-informatics, bio-safety and international trade.
Their topics include gene regulation bio-informatics of microarray data, genome-wide motif identification using a dictionary model, and the computational analysis of proteins.
Angstrom designs build-to-order systems with the knowledge of HPC software in the bio-informatics, scientific computing, financial modeling, graphics rendering, and oil and gas industries.
The 88 full and short papers cover aspects of distributed and parallel computing systems; scheduling, resource management, and load balancing; parallel algorithms; advanced applications; distributed and network-based computing; estimating and predicting performance; programming abstractions, tools, frameworks, and environments; the next generation of web-computing; grid, parallel, and distributed bio-informatics applications; grid and high-performance computing for nuclear fusion applications; on-chip parallel and network-based computing; virtualization in distributed systems; new topics in parallel computing and optimization; and modeling, simulation, and optimization of peer-to-peer environments.
It was also observed that US help was needed in research and human resource development especially in areas of Genomics, advanced biotechnology, climate change, bio-informatics, bio-safety and international trade.
Topics on artificial intelligence include knowledge management, reasoning, neural networks, evolutionary programming, image processing, pattern recognition, machine learning, data mining, natural language processing, speech recognition, information retrieval, multi-agent systems and ontologies, bio-informatics and medical applications, and intelligent tutoring systems.
Target markets include imaging, communications, bio-informatics, and enterprise computing.

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