bioartificial organs


Also found in: Medical.

bioartificial organs

[‚bī·ō‚ard·ə¦fish·əl ′ȯr·gənz]
(medicine)
Devices, used for both short-term and long-term organ replacement, that are designed and manufactured for membrane biocompatibility, diffusion limitations, device retrieval in the event of failure, and mechanical stability.
References in periodicals archive ?
Membrane Systems: For Bioartificial Organs and Regenerative Medicine
Vladimir Vasilets is head researcher at the Federal Scientific Research Centre of Transplantology and Bioartificial organs in Moscow.
When methods to cryopreserve complex tissues are perfected, it will become possible to store virtually every tissue in the body--whether taken from human donors, grown in the laboratory from stem cells, or combined with artificial components to form bioartificial organs.
Chapters discuss thermodynamic concepts, physical properties of the body fluids and the cell membrane, physical and flow properties of blood and other fluids, solute and oxygen transport in biological systems, pharmacokinetic analysis, extracorporeal devices, tissue engineering, and bioartificial organs.
Further compounding the problem is that these criteria can change depending on the nature of the application, which can range from bioartificial organs to targeted chemotherapeutic drug delivery.