biometrics

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Related to Biometric technology: biometric device

biometrics,

in security and personal identification, the electronic verification of individuals using biological traits, such as iris or retinal scanning, fingerprintsfingerprint,
an impression of the underside of the end of a finger or thumb, used for identification because the arrangement of ridges in any fingerprint is thought to be unique and permanent with each person (no two persons having the same prints have ever been found).
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, or face recognition, and the technology used in verification. The main operations involved in a biometric system are called enrollment and test; during enrollment an individual's biometric information is collected and stored, while during test the incoming information is compared against the version stored during enrollment. A functioning system typically answers three questions: Is the person who he or she claims to be (verification)? Who is the person (identification)? Is there anything special about the person, for example, is he or she allowed access to a restricted area (screening)? The increasing use of biometric systems in both industrial (e.g., attendance tracking) and security (e.g., airport check-in) environments has raised privacy concerns. Additionally, reports of commercially available units being compromised have raised security issues, and medical issues, such as retinal scanners transmitting infections, also exist. Nonetheless, the early 21st cent. has seen an increasing use of the technology in the United States and Great Britain in schools, especially as replacements for library cards and meal tickets, and in a number of nations in passports and identification cards.

biometrics,

also known as

biostatistics

or

biometry,

in biology, the development and application of statistical and mathematical methods to the analysis of data resulting from biological observations and phenomena. Biometrics is used in clinical trials evaluating the relative effectiveness of different therapies; in genetic and genomic studies of the makeup of nucleotide sequences in an organism; in epidemiological studies of the patterns, causes, and control of diseases and public health problems; and in many other areas of biological research. Although the terms biometry and biostatistics are often used interchangeably, the former is now more frequently applied to agricultural and biological applications while the latter is more frequently applied to medical applications. Biometrics played a key role in the development of modern biology. The rediscovery of Gregor MendelMendel, Gregor Johann
, 1822–84, Austrian monk noted for his experimental work on heredity. He entered the Augustinian monastery in Brno in 1843, taught at a local secondary school, and carried out independent scientific investigations on garden peas and other plants until
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's work in the early 1900s led to conceptual gaps between the proponents of geneticsgenetics,
scientific study of the mechanism of heredity. While Gregor Mendel first presented his findings on the statistical laws governing the transmission of certain traits from generation to generation in 1856, it was not until the discovery and detailed study of the
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 and evolutionary DarwinismDarwinism,
concept of evolution developed in the mid-19th cent. by Charles Robert Darwin. Darwin's meticulously documented observations led him to question the then current belief in special creation of each species.
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. By the 1930s, after vigorous debate, models built on statistical reasoning had resolved most of the differences to produce a coherent biology.

biometrics

[‚bī·ō′me·triks]
(statistics)
The use of statistics to analyze observations of biological phenomena.

biometry

, biometrics
1. 
a. the analysis of biological data using mathematical and statistical methods
b. the practice of digitally scanning the physiological or behavioural characteristics of individuals as a means of identification
2. the statistical calculation of the probable duration of human life

biometrics

(security, hardware)
The use of special input devices to analyse some physical parameter assumed to be unique to an individual, in order to confirm their identity as part of an authentication procedure.

Examples include fingerprint scanning, iris recognition, facial recognition, voice recognition (speaker recognition), signature, vascular pattern recognition.

http://www.findbiometrics.com/Pages/guide2.html.

biometrics

(1) The measurement of the physical characteristics of a person. See wearables and smart clothes.

(2) The biological identification of a person. Examples are face, iris and retinal patterns, hand geometry and voice. Increasingly built into laptop computers and smartphones, fingerprint readers have become popular as a secure method for identification. Biometrics not only deals with static patterns, but action as well. The dynamics of writing one's signature as well as typing on the keyboard can be analyzed (see biometric signature and keyboard biometrics).

Biometrics may be the primary or secondary mechanism for authentication (see two-factor authentication).

More Secure Than Passwords
Biometrics are a more secure form of authentication than typing passwords or even using smart cards, which can be stolen. However, methods can be circumvented; for example, fingerprints captured from a water glass can fool scanners. See authentication and face recognition.


A Biometric Mouse
SecuGen's EyeD Mouse includes a fingerprint reader on the thumb side of the device. It takes less than a second for the EyeD Mouse to verify a fingerprint. (Image courtesy of SecuGen Corporation, www.secugen.com)
References in periodicals archive ?
AFIS and non-AFIS segment are the key applications, expected to increase the biometric technology market.
At the University of Utah, technologists have signed up for an application of biometric technology that combines the conventional applications of smart cards with innovative fingerprint scanning technology to deliver a multifactor authentication process.
North America is the biometric technology market; followed by Europe and APAC.
APPLICATIONS OF VOICE RECOGNITION 142 ADVANTAGES OF VOICE RECOGNITION 142 MULTIMODAL BIOMETRICS 142 ADVANTAGES OF MULTIMODAL BIOMETRICS 143 LIMITATIONS OF MULTIMODAL BIOMETRICS 143 APPLICATIONS OF MULTIMODAL BIOMETRICS 143 EMERGING BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGIES 143 GAIT RECOGNITION BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGY 144 Principle of Operation 144 Limitations 145 Advantages 145 Applications 145 PALM-PRINT RECOGNITION BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGY 145 Advantages 146 Limitations 146 Applications 146 SKIN SPECTROSCOPY BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGY 146 Principle of Operation 147 Advantages 147 Limitations 147
SORIS(TM) registers and positively identifies convicted sexual predators using iris recognition biometric technology, the quickest and most accurate identification technology available.
Headquartered in Nashville, Tennessee, Integrated Biometric Technology, formerly Fingerprinting Services LLC, provides electronic fingerprint products and service to the applicant fingerprint industry.
TouchPoint utilizes Ultra-Scan's Livescan Ultrasonic Identification System (LUIS(TM)), a biometric technology that uses high frequency sound waves, or ultrasound, to capture high quality fingerprint images across all user populations and operational environments.
com), a leading provider of biometric technology and services, announced today that it has entered into an exclusive distribution and manufacturing agreement with CJCC (http://www.
com), a leading provider of biometric technology and services, announced today that it has completed the acquisition of the global rights to Tacoma Technology, Inc.
the leading brand for fingerprint authentication solutions, today announced that its biometric technology has been used by MXI Security(TM) in its new MXP product family.
Iceland is taking a holistic view in adopting biometric technology to manage the identity of its citizens," said Thorsteinn Helgi Steinarsson of Asverk Consulting, consultant to the Ministry of Justice and Ecclesiastical Affairs in Iceland.
Detailed profiles of manufacturers of the latest biometric technology, including Finger, Voice, Face, Hand, Signature, Iris, Vein and Palm Identification systems.