Bioremediation


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Related to Bioremediation: Bioaugmentation

bioremediation

[‚bī·ō·ri‚mē·dē′ā·shən]
(ecology)
The use of a biological process (via plants or microorganisms) to clean up a polluted environmental area (such as an oil spill).

Bioremediation

A process that uses biological agents, such as bacteria, fungi, or green plants, to remove or neutralize contaminants, as in polluted soil or water. Plants can be used to aerate polluted soil and stimulate microbial action. The cleanup of a contaminated site using biological methods, i.e., bacteria, fungi, and plants, is a form of bioremediation. Organisms are used to either break down contaminants in soil or water, or accumulate the contaminants in their tissue for disposal. Many bioremediation techniques are substantially less costly than traditional remediation methods using heat, chemical, or mechanical means.
References in periodicals archive ?
He said, The bioremediation techniques involves the treatment of waste water and converts it into clean water that can be used for various purposes including irrigation of crops etc.
Bioremediation requires compliance with all applicable laws and regulations including OSHA's Bloodborne Pathogens standard (29 CFR 1910.
In this regard NIB in collaboration with Standing Committee on Economic and Commercial Cooperation (COMCEC) organized a twoday international workshop on "Pakistan Bioremediation Model for Capacity Building," to share the experiences of other member countries.
In this connection National Institute of Bioremediation is organizing this 2day workshop on December 1011 in Pakistan Model of Bioremediation is one of the breakthroughs in combating wastewater treatment, reduction of waterborne diseases and rehabilitation of biodiversity, conservation of aquatic plants and improvement of echoenvironment.
Bioremediation technology uses micro-organisms to reduce, eliminate or transform contaminants present in soils, sediments or water.
For most bioremediation, proper environmental conditions must be maintained for microbial growth.
Keywords: mass transfer, bioremediation, roller bioreactor, bead mill bioreactor, baffles, enhancements
Organic chemicals amenable to aerobic bioremediation include many gasoline and petroleum compounds including benzene, toluene and xylene.
Ganey and Boyd (2005) used the bioremediation of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) as an example, which was an excellent choice.
The technical mechanism bioremediation and its advantages have been well understood for some time now," said Joseph Dougherty, vice president of sales at IEP.
Inspired by recent successes at using microbes in fuel cells to produce energy, researchers have devised a bioremediation system that electrically stimulates bacteria to break down toxic chemicals in the environment.
Watchdogs have raised concerns that bioremediation might not work on soil piles as large as the one at Santa Susana and could end up spreading contamination to the bedrock.