Birka


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Birka

 

a city on Björkö Island, in the southeastern part of Lake Mälaren in Sweden. Founded circa 800; destroyed by fire circa 975. Birka consisted of a castle on a steep cliff and of the city proper. Extensive graveyards are located outside the ramparts that surround the town. About 1,200 grave sites, mainly under burial mounds, were investigated by the Swedish archaeologist J. Stolpe from 1871 to 1895. Along with the graves of ordinary citizens, there are graves in wooden frames made of notched logs that contain female slaves, horses, armament, precious ornaments, and utensils. The finds show that the population of Birka conducted trade with neighboring countries.

REFERENCE

Arbman, H. Die Gräber, Tafeln und Text. Stockholm-Uppsala, 1940–43. (In the series Birka: Untersuchungen und Studien, vol. 1.)
References in periodicals archive ?
THE Public Works Authority 'Ashghal', in coordination with the General Directorate of Traffic, will close the Northern Service Road heading to Simsima on Umm Birka Interchange on Tuesday (January 30) for a period of 60 days, said an Ashghal press release on Sunday.
The Public Works Authority (Ashghal) has announced that it will close the northern service road heading towards Simsima at the Umm Birka Interchange on Tuesday for a period of 60 days.
Bra Restaurang Stockholm If you want to have a glimpse of how the Vikings lived, all you have to do is travel an 18-mile trip from Stockholm to the Viking Town of Birka which is situated on a flourishing island in Lake Malaren.
When the grave was first unearthed in Birka, Sweden, in 1889, it contained horses, weapons, and other items of high social and military standing.
Muscat An Omani citizen died Wednesday when his car veered off road while he was travelling from Birka to Maawil area in Batinah region.
The people who lived in what is now Sweden, Norway and Denmark used Birka as a trading center.
The Viking in question lived in the eighth to tenth century in Birka, Sweden, which used to be a major trading center and home to 3,000 graves.
Plastic Overmolding of Aluminum Extrusions," Mark Peter Birka (Magna Exteriors Inc.
The plants are located at Al Karaana and Umm Birka (almost 162 kms apart), and both will operate as per the mechanical activated sludge process.
Three commercial parks in the southern region, Al Wakra, Birka Al Wamer and Aba Saleel, are designed for developing warehouses, workshops and service hubs, consisting of 1,583 plots across an area of 6,330,907 square metres.
The Swedish daily newspaper Svenska Dagbladet says that in a Swedish fortress in Birka, Byzantine metal coins, weapons and other items were found, brought from the south of Europe.
Work on other reservoirs will be taken up in coming months in Umm Birka, Rawdat al Rashed, Abu Nakhla and Al Thumama, Dr Mohamed Saleh al-Sada said.