Birkebeiner


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Birkebeiner

 

participants in the civil wars in Norway during the second half of the 12th and the beginning of the 13th century, mainly impoverished peasant-bonders who were protesting against the oppression of the state and of certain feudal lords. The Birkebeiner movement began in the 1170’s. After a defeat in 1177, the insurgents took refuge in the forests; often they wore footwear made from birch bark, hence their nickname (Birkebeiner literally means “Birch-legs,” or bast-shoe wearers). Under the leadership of a pretender to the throne, Sverre, the Birkebeiner renewed their armed struggle, which ended in 1184 with the victory of Sverre (who became king). Some of the Birkebeiner seized the wealth of the aristocrats and received land and government positions; the ranks of Birkebeiner were enlarged by elements of the well-to-do class. The Birkebeiner made peace with their opponents, the Bagler.

REFERENCE

Gurevich, A. Ia. Svobodnoe krestianstvo feodalnoi Norvegii. Moscow, 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
It's called the Birkebeiner and part of it passed near my wife's family cabin (they all have them in Norway - it's almost the law).
May 6, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- The American Birkebeiner Ski Foundation and Slumberland Furniture are thrilled to announce an extended partnership with the signing of a three-year agreement, naming Slumberland as Title Sponsor of the American Birkebeiner ski race and the Birkie's year-round lifestyle brand.
Ream is on his way to Hayward, Wisconsin, to ski in the American Birkebeiner, more commonly called the Birkie, a 55-kilometer cross-country ski race that is one of the longest -- more than 34 miles -- and most difficult in the country, if not the world.
The idea for the challenge was born in August last year when Errington and fellow mountain bike rider Henry Iddon travelled to Norway to participate in the largest mountain bike race in the world, The Birkebeiner.
The Tour is the nation's second-largest cross-country ski race behind the American Birkebeiner in Hayward, Wis.
In 2009, I cross-country skied my 14th American Birkebeiner, a hilly, 32-mile course in northern Wisconsin.
This winter she's doing her fourth American Birkebeiner (aka the Birkie), the nation's biggest cross-country skiing event.
Dong won the 2008 American Birkebeiner race and finished fourth in the world's largest ski marathon, the Swiss Engadine.
He's completed the American Birkebeiner four times.
He recently heard about a wheel-chair user from Nevada who came all the way to Wisconsin's Birkebeiner cross-country ski race to attempt to beat Pagels' record.
talked him into entering the American Birkebeiner, the U.