Birobidzhan

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Birobidzhan:

see Jewish Autonomous RegionJewish Autonomous Region
or Birobidzhan
, autonomous region (1995 pop. 211,900), c.13,800 sq mi (35,700 sq km), Khabarovsk Territory, Russian Far East, in the basins of the Biro and Bidzhan rivers, tributaries of the Amur. The capital is Birobidzhan.
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, Russia.

Birobidzhan

 

(named for the Bira and Bidzhan rivers), a city, center of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, RSFSR. Located on the Bira River (tributary of the Amur). Railroad station on the Trans-Siberian Railway, 175 km west of Khabarovsk. Population, 56,000 (1970; in 1939, 30,000). There is light industry (production of knit and sewn articles, footwear, and others). The Dal’sel’mash Agricultural Machinery Plant and a power transformer plant are located in Birobidzhan, as are enterprises of the woodworking and food industries. There are evening mechanical and mechanical engineering technicums and medical, pedagogical, and cultural enlightenment colleges. There is a museum of regional studies and two national theaters (Jewish and Russian). Birobidzhan arose in 1928 on the location of the small Tikhon’kaia station. It has been a city since 1937.

Birobidzhan

, Birobijan
1. a city in SE Russia: capital of the Jewish Autonomous Region. Pop.: 82 000 (1994)
2. another name for the Jewish Autonomous Region
References in periodicals archive ?
Salsberg pointed out that the policy had worked more severe hardships on Jews than on others, because unlike Georgians or Ukrainians who enjoyed their own national territories in which cultural expressions in their language were still possible, Jews had no viable national territory in the Soviet Union, outside of Birobidjan, which was failing and provided only "a dimly flickering cultural candle.
Fefer and other Jewish writers of the Russian Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee had been arrested and charged with attempting to have the Jewish Autonomous region in Birobidjan moved to the Crimean Peninsula.
Because of the connection made by the Boyle family to the Birobidjan orphanage, the third segment project was a popular choice.
Because of the unusually close connection between the congregation and the Birobidjan orphanage, it is expected donations for its support may be a record-setting $2,000.
But the Jews of all countries are capable, in the present period, of fighting as a people, in unity with all democratic forces, for uprooting fascism and anti-Semitism, for equality of rights, for a progressive mass Jewish culture, for the rehabilitation and upbuilding of Jewish life in the liberated countries, for help to the free national development of the Yishuv in an independent state of Arabs and Jews, and for help to the upbuilding of the Jewish Autonomous Region in Birobidjan.
Petersburg three, and if one's travels extend to Irkutsk and distant Birobidjan, the tourist will find one synagogue in each city.
Kevin was born in a hospital in the region of Birobidjan, a seven-hour flight east of Moscow.
The next step was for the Boyles to plan their flight to Birobidjan and make arrangements for a home-stay.
Founded in 1988, Dalcombank provides banking services across a wide retail network in 29 cities of Russia's Far East region, including its largest cities: Khabarovsk, Vladivostok, Yakutsk, Blagoveschensk, Birobidjan, Komsomolsk-on-Amur and Irkutsk.