Birobidzhan


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Birobidzhan:

see Jewish Autonomous RegionJewish Autonomous Region
or Birobidzhan
, autonomous region (1995 pop. 211,900), c.13,800 sq mi (35,700 sq km), Khabarovsk Territory, Russian Far East, in the basins of the Biro and Bidzhan rivers, tributaries of the Amur. The capital is Birobidzhan.
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, Russia.

Birobidzhan

 

(named for the Bira and Bidzhan rivers), a city, center of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, RSFSR. Located on the Bira River (tributary of the Amur). Railroad station on the Trans-Siberian Railway, 175 km west of Khabarovsk. Population, 56,000 (1970; in 1939, 30,000). There is light industry (production of knit and sewn articles, footwear, and others). The Dal’sel’mash Agricultural Machinery Plant and a power transformer plant are located in Birobidzhan, as are enterprises of the woodworking and food industries. There are evening mechanical and mechanical engineering technicums and medical, pedagogical, and cultural enlightenment colleges. There is a museum of regional studies and two national theaters (Jewish and Russian). Birobidzhan arose in 1928 on the location of the small Tikhon’kaia station. It has been a city since 1937.

Birobidzhan

, Birobijan
1. a city in SE Russia: capital of the Jewish Autonomous Region. Pop.: 82 000 (1994)
2. another name for the Jewish Autonomous Region
References in periodicals archive ?
Here Srebrnik extends his analysis to the American Jewish Communist movement, and particularly their support for the strange Soviet plan to establish a Jewish national homeland in the isolated far east region of Birobidzhan.
The program was successful enough to be replicated in several other towns in the Perm region and in Birobidzhan in the Jewish Autonomous Region in Russia's Far East.
To take an extreme real-life example, the Soviet government under Stalin at one point set up an "Autonomous Region" for Soviet Jews in Birobidzhan, a remote portion of Siberia (to which Stalin may have been planning to deport all the Jews of the Soviet Union).
Only in Birobidzhan were Jews regarded by the Kremlin as a national community, whereas in all other parts of the country they were treated "like all other Soviet citizens.
This is a history of the Birobidzhan State Yiddish Theater, the local theater of Birobidzhan, which was established in the mid-1930s in the Soviet Far East, near the border with China, as the center of a proposed Soviet Jewish homeland.
Henry Felix Srebrnik Jerusalem on the Amur: Birobidzhan and the Canadian Jewish Communist Movement, 1924-1951.
During the reporting period, new synagogues were dedicated in Birobidzhan (Jewish Autonomous Oblast), Khabarvosk, Vladivostok, and Yekaterinburg; and a Jewish school was opened in Kazan.
Served are the port cities of Vostochny, Vladivostok and Nakhodka, and the inland cities of Khabarovsk, Birobidzhan, Magadan and Korsakov, APL provides an intermodal service, with vessel calls at Vostochny and pick-up or delivery by truck for other points.
The Device Of Artificial Lighting, Sidewalks And Bus Stops On The Road P-297 Amur Chita - Nevers - Free - Arkhara - Birobidzhan - Khabarovsk In Areas Km 1921 + 114 - Km 1923 + 308 P.
He discusses internal conflicts in this press, Soviet Yiddish language experiments, and the plan for the Jewish autonomous region of Birobidzhan.
Henry Srebrnik provides a fascinating examination of Winnipeg Jews' support for the Birobidzhan project in the Soviet Union.
Birobidzhan was to be set aside by the Association for Jewish Colonization in the Soviet Union as a "promised land.