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Birobidzhan:see Jewish Autonomous RegionJewish Autonomous Region
, autonomous region (1995 pop. 211,900), c.13,800 sq mi (35,700 sq km), Khabarovsk Territory, Russian Far East, in the basins of the Biro and Bidzhan rivers, tributaries of the Amur. The capital is Birobidzhan.
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(named for the Bira and Bidzhan rivers), a city, center of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, RSFSR. Located on the Bira River (tributary of the Amur). Railroad station on the Trans-Siberian Railway, 175 km west of Khabarovsk. Population, 56,000 (1970; in 1939, 30,000). There is light industry (production of knit and sewn articles, footwear, and others). The Dal’sel’mash Agricultural Machinery Plant and a power transformer plant are located in Birobidzhan, as are enterprises of the woodworking and food industries. There are evening mechanical and mechanical engineering technicums and medical, pedagogical, and cultural enlightenment colleges. There is a museum of regional studies and two national theaters (Jewish and Russian). Birobidzhan arose in 1928 on the location of the small Tikhon’kaia station. It has been a city since 1937.