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bishop:

see orders, holyorders, holy
[Lat. ordo,=rank], in Christianity, the traditional degrees of the clergy, conferred by the Sacrament of Holy Order. The episcopacy, priesthood or presbyterate, and diaconate were in general use in Christian churches in the 2d cent.
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Bishop

 

in the Orthodox, Catholic, and Anglican churches the highest order of clergyman, head of a territorial unit of ecclesiastic administration (eparchy, diocese). Christian literary documents of the early second century (the Epistles of Ignatius of Antioch) attest to their managing the property of the early Christian communities. By the late second century the bishops had already concentrated spiritual and juridical authority in their hands and had also possessed themselves of the right to dispose of the community’s property; gradually a monarchical episcopate developed. In the fourth century there began to emerge among the bishops a hierarchical division into patriarchs, metropolitans (some of these bearing the title of archbishop), and bishops proper. The title of bishop has been preserved in some Protestant churches in addition to the Anglican, but in them a bishop is not a clergyman but a person exercising what are for the most part purely administrative functions.

bishop

1. (in the Roman Catholic, Anglican, and Greek Orthodox Churches) a clergyman having spiritual and administrative powers over a diocese or province of the Church
2. (in some Protestant Churches) a spiritual overseer of a local church or a number of churches
3. a chesspiece, capable of moving diagonally over any number of unoccupied squares of the same colour
4. mulled wine, usually port, spiced with oranges, cloves, etc
References in classic literature ?
Both the Bishop and my father were embarrassed and perturbed.
And so it came about that both the Bishop and I accepted Ernest's challenges.
The Episcopal Church's presiding bishop, Katharine Jefferts Schori, and a group of bishops announced in early December a proposal that would result in the appointment of a "primatial vicar" for those dioceses that feel they cannot accept her leadership.
In most of the world a handful of other bishops picked your bishop.
As for the credibility of the "apparitions" in question, this Dicastery respects what was decided by the bishops of the former Yugoslavia in the Declaration of Zadar, April 10, 1991: "On the basis of the investigations so far, it can not be affirmed that one is dealing with supernatural apparitions and revelations.
A smattering of Catholic bishops across the nation, with the apparent approval of some Vatican officials, have joined this year's political fray by announcing they would deny communion to Catholic politicians, such as Democratic presidential candidate John F.
Well-acquainted with the historiographical fashion for "history from below," authors Craig Harline and Eddy Put argue convincingly that Mathias Hovius' tale is crucial to understanding religion at the time because the religion of bishops was just as diverse as scholars have shown lay religion to be, and thus warrants study.
The Russian episcopate's almost exclusive reliance upon a pool of parish clergy sons from the mid-eighteenth century until 1917 knew no parallel in Western or Central Europe, where bishops were from the nobility and increasingly from the middle classes.
My companion and I were sitting in an Amsterdam cafe recently when I picked up a newspaper and saw the headline: The bishops of the Anglican Communion, at their every-ten-years Lambeth conclave in England, had voted 526-70 to declare homosexuality incompatible with Scripture.
The bishops have created the impression that they speak for 59 million Catholics, which makes them a formidable political force, able to influence or intimidate presidents and other public officials.
Now, after six years of study and struggle, the National Conference of Catholic Bishops approved broad norms this week aimed at ensuring that Catholic institutions of higher learning retain their religious identity.
It just so happened that on that very same day, a group of bishops from other parts of Mexico arrived to meet with Bishop Ruiz.