Bishops' Wars

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Bishops' Wars,

two brief campaigns (1639 and 1640) of the Scots against Charles I of England. When Charles attempted to strengthen episcopacy in Scotland by imposing (1637) the English Book of Common Prayer, the Scots countered by pledging themselves in the National Covenant (1638) to restore Presbyterianism. A general assembly of the Scottish church abolished episcopacy. The first war was ended without fighting by the Pacification of Berwick, in which Charles conceded the Scottish right to a free church assembly and a free parliament. However, the assembly that met promptly reaffirmed the covenant. In spite of the refusal of his Short Parliament to vote him money, Charles managed to raise another army, but it was unable to stop the Scots from invading England and occupying Northumberland and Durham. Charles made peace at Ripon (Oct., 1640), and his promise there to pay an indemnity to the Scots necessitated his calling the Long Parliament. See English civil warEnglish civil war,
1642–48, the conflict between King Charles I of England and a large body of his subjects, generally called the "parliamentarians," that culminated in the defeat and execution of the king and the establishment of a republican commonwealth.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The Battle of Newburn Ford fought in 1640 was the only battle of the Second Bishops' War.
Caption: IN A CHICAGO PARK on May 1, 1983, a demonstrator weighs in on the wording of the bishops' war and peace pastoral.
The account of the Second Bishops' War has nothing about English diplomatic, intelligence, mobilization and leadership challenges that help explain their defeat.
The were recreating The Battle of Newburn Ford, part of the Second Bishops' War, which saw an army of 20,000 Scottish troops occupy Newcastle.
He offered to raise an army for Charles I at the time of the First Bishops' War with Scotland (1639).
Principal wars: Bishops' War (1533-1536); Fourth Hapsburg-Valois War (1542-1544).
The Battle of Newburn Ford was part of the Second Bishops' War and was sparked when King Charles tried to force a new book of prayer on the Scottish people.
Retrace the action of August 1640 when the Scottish Army invaded Northumberland during what was known as the Second Bishops' War.
The fog of war will quickly envelop those unfamiliar with the Bishops' War, Prince Rupert, and the siege of Drogheda.
As a result an untrained, ill-armed, poorly-paid crew of misfits and drop-outs trailed north to fight the Covenanters in the Second Bishops' War.
Principal wars: Anglo-French War (1626-1629); First Bishops' War (1639); First Civil War (1642-1646).
Principal wars: First Bishops' War (1639); First (1642-1646) and Second (1647-1648) Civil Wars.