Bizerte


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Bizerte

(bēzĕrt`), Arab. Banzart, city (1994 pop. 98,900), N Tunisia, on the Mediterranean Sea. It is an important port, strategically situated near the narrowest part of the Mediterranean. The city also has processing industries. Bizerte was founded by Phoenicians. While the French ruled Tunisia, they improved and fortified the outer harbor and deepened the channel to the Lake of Bizerte, where there are naval works and the town of Menzel Bourgiba. The White Russian fleet (1920) and the Spanish republican fleet (1939) were interned at Bizerte. It was a German base in World War II and was heavily bombed (1943) by the Allies. Tunisian insistence that France evacuate its naval installations at Bizerte led to violent confrontations in 1961; the base was turned over to Tunisia in 1963.

Bizerte

 

city in northern Tunisia, administrative center of the vilayet of Bizerte. Population, about 53,000 (1966). Industrial and transportation center and port, handling 2.4 million tons of freight in 1968; located on the Mediterranean Sea at the mouth of Lake Bizerte. Bizerte is the outer harbor for the city of Menzel-Bourguiba. There is a railroad station, an airport, an oil refinery with an annual capacity of 1 million tons, nonferrous metallurgical enterprises, and a cement industry. Since 1970 a shipyard has been under construction. Exports include iron ore, lead, cement, and olive oil and other agricultural products.

Bizerte was founded on the site of an ancient Phoenecian settlement, which later became the Roman city of Hippo Zarytus. In A.D. 698 the Arabs conquered the city, and from that time the city remained under the power of the Arab-Muslim dynasties who ruled in Tunis. (From 1535 to 1572 the city came under Spanish rule.) In the period of the French protectorate (1881–1956) Bizerte became important as the largest French naval base in North Africa. After the abolition of the protectorate over Tunisia (1956), France retained in Bizerte its naval base. In 1963, after an armed conflict between France and Tunisia in July 1961 and debates on this issue at a special session of the United Nations, the French armed forces evacuated the base in Bizerte.

G. N. UTKIN

Bizerte

, Bizerta
a port in N Tunisia, on the Mediterranean at the canalized outlet of Lake Bizerte. Pop.: 118 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Grantee:Association pour la Protection de l Environnement et le Developpement Durable de Bizerte (APEDDUB)
Hundreds of people gathered in the old port of Bizerte to rally around Marzouki, who has sought to portray himself as the bulwark against the return of the regime of deposed autocrat Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.
In Bizerte, we ate lunch at Le In Bizerte, we ate lunch at Le Petit Mousse restaurant which boasts a beautiful sea view, this time complete with palm trees.
d'El Menzah, avant de rejoindre le lendemain a Bizerte oE elles ont poursuivi leur preparation qui prend fin aujourd'hui, les Tunisiennes, drivees par Samir Landolsi, sont contraintes de se defaire des Vertes.
The methane is supplied to users in industry and households from Tunis to Cap Bon, from Tunis to Bizerte, from Gabes to Sousse, from Gafsa to Kasserine, from Kasserine to cement plants at Tajerouine, from Hammamet to Nabeul where the users are mainly tourist resorts on the coast, and from Monastir to a power plant and factories at Sousse.
The fuels output at Bizerte includes gasoline, gasoil, fuel oil, LPG, NGL, naphtha and paraffin.
Formed around 1000 BC, Bizerte has a dynamic history marked by numerous occupations, including settlement by the Romans, Arabs, Turks, French and the Soviets.
In the aftermath of Brahmi's assassination, Zeinab Aouini took action with the youth council of Bizerte.
BIZERTE, TUNISIA--The parent company of Fuba Printed Circuits will go public later this year, the company's owners announced.
fr Les Diables rouges du Caire ont arrache un score de parite de zero but partout au Club Athletique Bizertin (CAB) de Tunisie avant-hier dimanche a Bizerte.
When the draw was made for the first round of the respective competitions in the Egyptian capital, Cairo, Al Ittihad were drawn away against CA Bizerte of Tunisia in the first leg on the weekend of February 15-17, while Nasser take on Sudan's Khartoum Al Watani away.
Jamel Gharbi, 62, a socialist regional councilor from the Pays de la Loire, claimed that he and his family were attacked by a gang of 50 Salafists in the Tunisian town of Bizerte while on holiday.