Bizone


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Bizone

 

the unification of the American and British occupation zones in Germany in the years 1946–48; it was created in violation of the quadripartite agreements (the USSR, the USA, Great Britain, and France) on Germany. Talks between the USA and Great Britain on the creation of the bizone began in June 1946. From that time separate bizonal administrative bodies also began to be created. The final accord was signed in New York on Dec. 2, 1946. At a separate London conference of representatives of the USA, Great Britain, and France on the German question (1948), a decision was made to annex the French occupation zone of Germany to the bizone and to form a West German state. In accordance with this decision the bodies of state power of the Federal Republic of Germany were formed in September 1949.

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It was directly accompanied by the original decision of Ludwig Erhard, the director of the (United States and British) Bizonal Economic Administration and later minister of economic affairs under Chancellor Adenauer, "to abolish the system of central planning in the Bizone by lifting price controls on almost all manufactured goods and some foodstuffs, and by rescinding rationing and the central allocation of resources.
Bizone and the French zone introduced the new currency, the French retained price controls.
15) After the two zones were merged and the Economic Council, a type of legislature for the Anglo-American Bizone, was created in June of 1947, British and American representatives also tried to convince its members to pass a reform law for the jurisdiction of the bizonal administration.
Finally, in early 1949, the military government authorities for the Bizone lost their patience and dictated a reform law.
Schuberth, born in 1897, was a university graduate and Director of the Postal Service for the Bizone since 1947; in the autumn of 1949 he became the first Postal Minister of the Federal Republic.