Bjørnøya

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Bjørnøya

(byörn`öyä), island, 69 sq mi (179 sq km), in the Barents Sea, c.275 mi (440 km) N of Norway; southernmost island of Svalbard. It rises to 1,759 ft (536 m). There are polar fox and polar bear on the island. Probably known to Norsemen in the 12th cent., it was rediscovered by Willem Barentz, the Dutch navigator, in 1596, and was formally annexed by Norway in 1915. It is also known as Bear Island.
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Both the Luftwaffe and the German navy began training men, designing and establishing weather stations, both manned and automatic, in the North Atlantic, on the east coast of Greenland, Spitsbergen, Zemlya Frantsa Iosifa, Hopen and Bjornoya Islands and Labrador.
Intraspecific variation in trophic feeding levels and organochlorine concentrations in glaucous gulls (Larus hyperboreus) from Bjornoya, the Barents Sea.
Hjelsoy and Bjornoya, the main common guillemot breeding areas in Norway, experienced a dramatic decline in both colonies due to the overfishing of capelin in the Barents Sea in 1985 and 1986.