Bjørnson, Bjørnstjerne Martinius

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Bjørnson, Bjørnstjerne Martinius

 

Born Dec. 8, 1832, in Kvikne; died Apr. 26, 1910, in Paris. Norwegian writer, prominent in the theater and in public affairs.

Bjørnson fought for the national independence of Norway and against militarism. When he was the director of the Norwegian Theater in Bergen from 1857 to 1858 and of the Christiania Theater from 1865 to 1867, he tried to establish a national repertory. Bjørnson’s early work was romantic. The work of this period includes the historical dramas Between the Battles, 1858; King Sverre, 1861; Mary Stuart in Scotland, 1864; the two-part series Sigurd the Bad, 1862, and Sigurd the Crusader, 1872; and the tales from peasant life Synnøve Solbakken, 1857; and The Fisher Lassie, 1868. Bjørnson sharply criticized bourgeois reality in the realistic social dramas The Bankruptcy, 1875; The New System, 1878; The Editor, 1875; and the two-play work Beyond Our Power, 1883-95. In his later work Bjørnson contradicted himself in his solutions of social and ethical problems; he considered the vices of bourgeois society a deviation from the norm, as for instance, in The Heritage of the Kurts (1884; Russian translation, Novye veianiia, 1893) and In the Ways of God, 1889. Bjørnson’s plays were staged in Russia in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1903.

WORKS

Samlede digter verker, vols. 1-9. Oslo-Copenhagen, 1919-20.
Samlede verker, vols. 1-13. Oslo, 1932-33.
In Russian translation:
Poln. sobr. soch., vols. 1-2. Kiev-Kharkov, 1893-97.
Sobr. soch., vols. 1-7. Moscow, 1910-1914.
Izbrannoe. Moscow, 1959.

REFERENCES

Brandes, G. “B. B’ernson.” Sobr. soch., vol. 1. St. Petersburg, 1909.
Mering, F. “B’ernson.” In his book Literaturno-kriticheskie stat’i, vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1934.
Neustroev, V. P. “Rytsar’ mira i demokratii.” Inostrannaia literatura, 1960, no. 4.
Bjørnson, Bjørn. B. Bjørnson. Oslo, 1932.
Mjøen, A. Erindringer om B. Bjørnson. Oslo, 1951.
References in periodicals archive ?
But mixed in with all those are plenty of Jorgensens, Petters, and Nilsens, in addition to Norwegian classic works by Bjornstjerne Bjornson, Camilla Collett, and the requisite Henrik Ibsen.
Volume I begins stunningly, with the immediately arresting (and eerie) "Twilight Fancies", the poetry by the great Norwegian writer Bjornstjerne Bjornson, who contributes most of the texts for these Seven Songs from the Norwegian.
Grieg was fully aware of the play's moral implications when he agreed to write the incidental music in 1874, and as he explained in a letter to Bjornstjerne Bjornson (1832-1910) that same year: "I can only marvel at how it [the play] is filled with witticism and invective from beginning to end.