black belt

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Black Belt,

term applied to several areas of Mississippi and Alabama, the heart of the Old South, which are characterized by black soil and excellent cotton-growing conditions. The Black Belt area was historically important as the nation's main cotton producer in the mid-1800s. Soil depletion, erosion, the boll weevil, and economic conditions combined to eliminate cotton from the region. Livestock, peanuts, and soybeans have become the area's chief crops.

black belt

1. Martial Arts
a. a black belt worn by an instructor or expert competitor in the dan grades, usually from first to fifth dan
b. a person entitled to wear this
2. the. a region of the southern US extending from Georgia across central Alabama and Mississippi, in which the population contains a large number of Blacks: also noted for its fertile black soil