Black Chokeberry


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Black Chokeberry

 

(Aronia melanocarpa), a shrub of the family Rosaceae measuring 1.5–3 m tall. The leaves are elliptical and serrate. The shiny black fruits are globose and measure 0.7–1.5 cm in diameter. The dark red pulp is tart and astringent; the juice is ruby-colored.

The black chokeberry occurs in eastern regions of North America. Introduced into cultivation in the USSR by I. V. Michurin, it is widespread in commercial and farm orchards of the European USSR (the Baltic region and the northern, northwestern, and central regions of the RSFSR), Siberia, and the Altai. It thrives in various soils and climates, although it does require much moisture. The fruits, which contain sugars, vitamins P and C, and provitamin A, are used in fresh or dried form. They are used to make juice, jam, and various medicinal substances. The yield is 3–8.5 kg per shrub (50–70 quintals per hectare). The plants are set out in sunny areas in spring or autumn, with a distance of 4 m between rows and 1.5–3 m between plants in a row. The shrubs form many shoots, which thicken the plantings and require systematic pruning. Black chokeberries are ornamental, especially in the spring, when the plants are covered with large white inflorescences, and in the autumn, when they are covered with scarlet leaves. The shrubs are often used in landscaping. The plants are nectar bearers.

REFERENCES

Burmistrov, A. D. lagodny kul’tury. Leningrad, 1972.

E. V. KOLESNIKOV

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Common name Scientific name N American elderberry Sambucus canadensis 15 American hazelnut Corylus americana 16 American plum Prunus americana 28 Black chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa 10 Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis 27 Common Prunus virginiana 10 chokecherry Eastern redbud Cercis canadensis 15 Flowering dogwood Cornus florida 16 Gray dogwood Cornus racemosa 14 Ninebark Physocarpus opulifolius 10 Pawpaw Asimina triloba 20 Silky dogwood Cornus amomum 19 Washington Crataegus phaenopyrum 16 hawthorn
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Their outstanding antioxidant properties could, however, make this sour, tangy fruit a star among berries: the anthocyanin content of the black chokeberry, as aronia is also known, is many times higher than that of any other variety of blue or red berry.
The aronia plant, which is native to eastern North America and commonly known as black chokeberry, produces violetblack berries with a noticeably astringent, sweet-sour flavour with bitter notes.
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Like the blueberry, the black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) is high in anthocyanins and antioxidant activity.