Black Country

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Black Country,

highly industrialized region, historically mostly in Staffordshire but partly in Worcestershire and Warwickshire, W central England. It includes DudleyDudley,
metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 186,513), W central England. Dudley's famed iron, coal, and limestone industries began declining c.1870. Other industries include engineering works, steelworks, metallurgy, glass cutting, textiles, and leatherworking.
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, Rowley Regis (see WarleyWarley,
urban area (1991 pop. 152,455), Sandwell metropolitan district, central England. Warley is highly industrialized; its manufactures include machinery, fabricated metal products, chemicals, and electrical appliances.
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), Tipton, WalsallWalsall
, metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 177,923), W central England, in the Black Country. Iron and brass founding, limestone quarrying, and the manufacture of leather goods, small hardware, plastics, electronics, chemicals, and aircraft parts are the main industries and
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, Wednesbury, West BromwichWest Bromwich
, town, Sandwell borough, W central England. On the site of a 12th-century Benedictine priory, West Bromwich has foundries and engineering and chemical works. A technical college is there.
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, and WolverhamptonWolverhampton
, city and metropolitan borough (1991 pop. 263,501), W central England, in the Black Country. Wolverhampton is highly industrialized; products include automobiles, hardware, rayon, tires, and chemicals. St.
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. From the mid-18th to the mid-19th cent. the area's resources—coal, iron, clay, and limestone—made iron smelting and the manufacture of iron products the main industries. The black smoke from the factories is said to have given the region its name, but name most likely arose because in the region coal was at or near the surface. Since the iron and coal mines have been depleted, regional industries use iron, steel, brass, and copper from other localities to manufacture metal products. These include hardware, tubes, boilers, machinery and machine tools, home appliances, and road and rail vehicles. There are also chemical and constructional-engineering industries. The region was included (1974–86) in the metropolitan county of West MidlandsWest Midlands,
former metropolitan county, central England. Created in the 1974 local government reorganization, the county embraced the Birmingham conurbation and comprised seven metropolitan districts (metropolitan boroughs): Walsall, Wolverhampton, Dudley, Sandwell,
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Black Country

the. the formerly heavily industrialized region of central England, northwest of Birmingham
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