Black Hawk War


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Black Hawk War,

conflict between the Sac and Fox and the United States in 1832. After the War of 1812, whites settling the Illinois country exerted pressure on the Native Americans. A treaty of 1804, which had no real claim to validity, provided for removal of the Sac and Fox W of the Mississippi. A Native American leader, Black Hawk (1767–1838), who was born in the Sac village near the site of present Rock Island, Ill., and who had fought for the British in the War of 1812, denounced the treaty and resisted removal. Years of intermittent skirmishing followed. In 1831 the whites used force to impose a new treaty that compelled the Native Americans to retire from their lands. In Apr., 1832, Black Hawk, with some 400 braves and their families, returned to Illinois. Not receiving the support he expected, he admitted defeat, but when one of the peaceful emissaries he sent was shot down in cold blood, the outraged Black Hawk successfully attacked a larger white force, then retired into what is now Wisconsin. A large force of volunteers was gathered under Gen. Henry AtkinsonAtkinson, Henry,
1782–1842, American army officer, b. North Carolina. After service as a colonel in the War of 1812, he was a commander in the West and led two expeditions (1819, 1825) to the Yellowstone River.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The last battle of the war took place on the Bad Axe River, where Black Hawk was attacked by these troops and a Sioux war party. Trapped, he displayed a white flag, but this was ignored and almost all of his band, including women and children, were wiped out. Black Hawk himself escaped, surrendered to the Winnebago, was turned over for imprisonment, and was released in 1833 to return to the pitiful remnant of his tribe and his family in Iowa. Lorado Taft's colossal statue (1911) near Oregon, Ill., has come to be known as the Black Hawk Monument.

Bibliography

See his autobiography (1833; ed. by D. Jackson, 1955); C. Cole, I Am a Man: The Indian Black Hawk (1938).

References in periodicals archive ?
Which militia officers, comrades in the Black Hawk War (1832), later became noted adversaries?
The reader will learn how after Davis graduated from West Point, his service in the Black Hawk War and the Mexican War made him a hero to the nation.
of Arizona) considers why so much fighting occurred between the US and various Indian tribes during the century following George Washington's presidency, and examines eight wars between the 1780s and 1877--the Ohio Valley War, the Red Stick War, the Arikara War, the Black Hawk War, the Minnesota Sioux War, the Cheyenne and Arapaho War, the Chiricahua Apache War, and the Nez Perce War--and the causes of each conflict (especially US expansion), the Native situation, events that created open warfare, and their similarities and differences.
John Stringer served in the Black Hawk War in 1832 and fought with 6,000 other men, including a young man by the name of Abraham Lincoln, our 16th President.
Jung (Assistant Professor of History, Milwaukee School of Engineering) presents The Black Hawk War of 1832, an in-depth examination of the last Indian war that was fought in present-day Wisconsin and Illinois.
One of the most interesting observations is that at one time they were on the same side in the Black Hawk War of the 1830s.
In her book, Stilson examines the careers of some of the artists, their contribution after the Black Hawk War and the value they brought to the town of Oregon, Ill.
The series titles are Sitting Bull, Pontiac's Rebellion, The Worlds of Joseph Brant, Black Hawk War, and The Trial of Poundmaker," said Greg McIsaac, publicist at History Television.
On July 4, 370 soldiers aboard the steamer Henry Clay, en route to Chicago to fight in the Black Hawk War, were so ravaged by the disease that they were forced to stop in Detroit and set up camp at Springwells, just west of the city Two days later, the disease claimed its first lives in Detroit, immediately setting off a panic.
He describes Sumner's life from his childhood to death, including his participation in the Black Hawk War and the Mexican War, how he established the Calvary School of Practice at Carlisle Barracks, his command in Indian territory in the southwest, how he maintained balance between warring factions in Kansas in the mid-1850s, how he led an expedition against the Cheyennes, and how he commanded Union soldiers in the Peninsula Campaign, the Maryland Campaign of 1862 (Antietam), and Fredericksburg during the Civil War.
of Michigan-Dearborn) chronicles several outbreaks in the Midwest beginning with an 1832 epidemic in the Territory of Michigan, in the context of period medicine and the Black Hawk War (between Native American tribes and local militia).
Life, death, and archaeology at Fort Blue Mounds; a settlers' fortification of the Black Hawk War.