Black Kettle

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Black Kettle,

d. 1868, chief of the southern CheyenneCheyenne
, indigenous people of North America whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). The Cheyenne abandoned their settlements in Minnesota in the 17th cent.
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 in Colorado. His attempt to make peace (1864) with the white men ended in the massacre of about half his people at Sand CreekSand Creek,
Colorado, site of a massacre (1864) of Cheyenne by Col. John M. Chivington and his Colorado Volunteers. The Cheyennes, led by their chief, Black Kettle, had offered to make peace and, at the suggestion of military personnel, had encamped at Sand Creek near Fort Lyon
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. Despite this treachery on the part of the whites, he continued to seek peace with them, and in 1865 he signed the Treaty of the Little Arkansas. The government ignored its guarantees, and Black Kettle tried again to negotiate, signing the Medicine Lodge Treaty of 1867. The Cheyenne might have retired to the reservation provided for them, had it not been for Gen. George Armstrong CusterCuster, George Armstrong,
1839–76, American army officer, b. New Rumley, Ohio, grad. West Point, 1861. Civil War Service

Custer fought in the Civil War at the first battle of Bull Run, distinguished himself as a member of General McClellan's staff in the
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. On Nov. 27, 1868, Custer and his 7th Cavalry attacked Black Kettle's camp on the Washita River without warning and killed the chief and hundreds of Native Americans.

Black Kettle (b. Moketavato)

(?1803–68) Southern Cheyenne peace chief; born near the Black Hills in present-day South Dakota. Despite his attempts at accommodation, his band was massacred at Sand Creek, Colo., in 1864. He continued to seek peace but was killed with his tribe in the Washita Valley, Okla., in 1868.
References in classic literature ?
The boy didn't like this speech, for it sounded like a threat; but he happened to remember he had nuts in his pocket, so he cracked some of those and ate them while the woman rose, shook the crumbs from her apron, and hung above the fire a small black kettle.
Or sometimes, better still, we find them really there by the roadside boiling a mysterious three- legged black kettle over a fire of sticks.
She had afire with a great black kettle over it and she was "Bilin' the lye.
In fact, a few years ago I spent six days on the Black Kettle National Grassland in Oklahoma hunting public-land whitetails and I forgot my binoculars.
Cavalry attack against the Southern Cheyenne village of Peace Chief Black Kettle.
Located on the south bank of the Washita River, the school was about twenty miles down river from the site of the Washita Massacre, where Colonel George Custer in 1868 attacked the Cheyenne village of Chief Black Kettle.
Ann Arbor: Black Kettle Productions, $34, fredinna@yahoo.
Rangers defender defender Bilel Mohsni Bilel Mohsni has claimed has claimed Hibs are Hibs are "not title "not title contenders" contenders" before placing before placing his black pot next to his black kettle.
Several points cloud this picture and bring out the moral ambiguity of frontier war: the fight lasted from dawn until nearly dusk; at least 100 men sought to protect civilians; some eyewitnesses dispute claims that Black Kettle flew the American flag and, beneath it, the white flag of truce in front of his lodge; subsequently, three investigations roundly condemned Chivington's actions, yet Coloradans named a town after him; and two officers refused Chivington's order to attack, including Captain Silas Soule, a friend of John Brown who testified against his commanding officer and later was murdered in Denver.
Heating a charred black kettle over a roasting fire, he prepares "the best coffee in the world" and melts cheese on Swedish flatbreads using grills suspended above the flames.
The largest number of public bucks came from Black Kettle WMA.
In all, about 20 cavalrymen and 58 village residents, including the peace chief Black Kettle and his wife, died at Washita.