Black Sox scandal

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Black Sox scandal,

episode in which eight members of the Chicago White Sox, the American League champions, were banned from baseball in 1921 for having conspired with gamblers to throw the 1919 World Series to the Cincinnati Reds. The best-known of the "Black Sox" was Shoeless Joe JacksonJackson, Shoeless Joe
(Joseph Jefferson Jackson), 1887–1951, American baseball player, b. Brandon Mills, S.C. Holder of the third highest (.356) career batting average in major league history, Jackson was banned from baseball in 1921 for his part in the 1919 Black Sox
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. Because of the scandal, baseball club owners appointed Judge Kenesaw M. LandisLandis, Kenesaw Mountain
, 1866–1944, American jurist and commissioner of baseball (1921–44), b. Millville, Butler co., Ohio, grad. Union College of Law (now Northwestern Univ. law school), 1891.
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 as commissioner of baseball to clean up the sport. The immense, rising popularity of Babe RuthRuth, Babe
(George Herman Ruth), 1895–1948, American baseball player, considered by many the greatest of all baseball players, b. Baltimore. Early Life

When he was seven years old his parents placed him in St.
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 is thought to have counteracted the damage done to professional baseball by the Black Sox.

Black Sox Scandal

star white Sox players sold out to gamblers (1919). [Am. Sports: Turkin, 478]
See: Bribery

Black Sox Scandal

Chicago White Sox baseball players accused of taking bribes to lose the 1919 World Series. [Sports: EB, II: 66]
See: Scandal
References in periodicals archive ?
Given the mountain of mythology, paired with the incomplete historical evidence and self-interested disinformation surrounding the Black Sox Scandal, Charles Fountain's attempt to divine the truth of the fixing of the 1919 World Series in The Betrayal: The 1919 World Series and the Birth of Modern Baseball is a daunting task.
63-66), which weighs in with nine, including two involving Babe Ruth and three concerning the Black Sox scandal.
Three appendices give the reader a list of lawyers involved with baseball, a Black Sox scandal chronology, and a selective Black Sox bibliography.
We're still examining the notorious Black Sox, as Bruce Allardice does in his article on the team's activities in 1920, and we're still examining the way baseball, the press, and society reacted to the Black Sox scandal, as Jacob Pomrenke demonstrates in his piece about a particular myth that persists despite facts to the contrary.
Public Library asking for books about the Black Sox Scandal, begging the
While there may still be a reason to keep Jackson out for his participation in the Black Sox Scandal, but what possible justification can there be for the continued exclusion of Hodges?
Twenty years ago, baseball was in a trough more dangerous than the one into which it tumbled during the Black Sox scandal, when some White Sox players colluded with gamblers to lose the 1919 World Series.
Two of baseball's elite hitters, Eddie Collins and Shoeless Joe Jackson, helped the White Sox to be consistently at or near the top of the league in runs, batting average, and slugging percentage between 1916 and 1920--the tarnished golden era in Chicago White Sox history--during which they finished second, two games shy in 1916; won the 1917 World Series; tanked the following year on account of key players serving in defense industries during World War I; won the 1919 American League pennant, only to have eight of their players conspire to lose the World Series; and might have won the 1920 pennant as well had not the Black Sox scandal broken with just days left in the season.
The films Eight Men Out, Field of Dreams, and Ken Burns's Baseball have brought the story of the Black Sox scandal to a wider audience of baseball fans, capturing the public imagination like few other chapters of baseball history.
At about the same time, Major League Baseball went through the aftermath of the Black Sox scandal.
In a crucial period following the Black Sox scandal, by creating a commissioner's office and obtaining a Supreme Court decision assuring monopoly status, MLB acquired extralegal powers it still enjoys to act as its own judge and jury.
From the infamous Black Sox Scandal and Jackie Robinson breaking the color barrier to Mark McGwire, Sammy Sosa, and the dark cloud of the steroid era, Kaplan gives credit to authors who don't shy away from controversial subjects.