Black Sox scandal


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Black Sox scandal,

episode in which eight members of the Chicago White Sox, the American League champions, were banned from baseball in 1921 for having conspired with gamblers to throw the 1919 World Series to the Cincinnati Reds. The best-known of the "Black Sox" was Shoeless Joe JacksonJackson, Shoeless Joe
(Joseph Jefferson Jackson), 1887–1951, American baseball player, b. Brandon Mills, S.C. Holder of the third highest (.356) career batting average in major league history, Jackson was banned from baseball in 1921 for his part in the 1919 Black Sox
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. Because of the scandal, baseball club owners appointed Judge Kenesaw M. LandisLandis, Kenesaw Mountain
, 1866–1944, American jurist and commissioner of baseball (1921–44), b. Millville, Butler co., Ohio, grad. Union College of Law (now Northwestern Univ. law school), 1891.
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 as commissioner of baseball to clean up the sport. The immense, rising popularity of Babe RuthRuth, Babe
(George Herman Ruth), 1895–1948, American baseball player, considered by many the greatest of all baseball players, b. Baltimore. Early Life

When he was seven years old his parents placed him in St.
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 is thought to have counteracted the damage done to professional baseball by the Black Sox.

Black Sox Scandal

star white Sox players sold out to gamblers (1919). [Am. Sports: Turkin, 478]
See: Bribery

Black Sox Scandal

Chicago White Sox baseball players accused of taking bribes to lose the 1919 World Series. [Sports: EB, II: 66]
See: Scandal
References in periodicals archive ?
From the Black Sox scandal in the World Series to the NBA Referee's having allegedly bet on games, we don't have to go back to the future to see what will happen.
Twenty years ago, baseball was in a trough more dangerous than the one into which it tumbled during the Black Sox scandal, when some White Sox players colluded with gamblers to lose the 1919 World Series.
At about the same time, Major League Baseball went through the aftermath of the Black Sox scandal.
You don't have to remind most that the relationship between gambling and baseball goes back, possibly to its beginnings, but certainly to prominence as part of the Arnold Rothstein and 1919 Black Sox scandal in which the World Series was thrown.
A succession of novels and films have struggled mightily to untarnish Jackson's reputation, to unblacken the perception that he was anything more than an unwilling and hesitant participant in the Black Sox scandal.
In 1919, the infamous Black Sox Scandal - in which members of the brilliant Chicago White Sox baseball team conspired to throw the World Series - left an indelible mark that continued to afflict baseball popularity, attendances and revenues for 20 years.
Just as in the Black Sox scandal of 1919-20, every single person associated with or involved in baseball's current drug controversy should be banned from baseball for life.
Big-time gambler Rothstein, the brains behind the Black Sox scandal in 1919, was shot dead in a hotel room in 1928 for reneging on a 320,000-dollar poker debt.
Bachin not only looks at the role of baseball in American culture, but explores such issues as the 1919 Black Sox scandal to show how "sites of commercial leisure like Comiskey Park became arenas for negotiating the meanings of Americanism, civic culture, labor, and leisure.
Just as Babe Ruth's home run exploits reinvigorated the game in the wake of the Black Sox scandal some 50 years earlier, night baseball signaled a new era for the game in the 1930s and the end of World War II ushered in a new period of prosperity, a dramatic 1975 World Series gave the game a kick start at a time when it most needed it.
11 Shoeless -- Jackson was ruined by the 1919 Black Sox scandal.
Most observers now believe that Comiskey's treatment of his club led directly to the Black Sox scandal, in which players from his team conspired to throw the 1919 World Series.