The symptoms of tardive blepharospasm
and epiphora OS remained unchanged; however, the conjunctival hyperemia and chemosis had decreased from moderate to mild.
Previous studies have suggested the use of BTX as therapy for the reduction of hyperactive facial lines after its successful use for blepharospasm
[3,4], Our purpose was to evaluate, in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study, the efficacy of BTX in reducing glabellar frown lines.
Botulinum toxin: Evidence-based medicine criteria in blepharospasm
and hemifacial spasm.
I suspect that you have Benign Essential Blepharospasm
, which is the name given to a neurological movement disorder involving involuntary and sustained muscle contractions of the muscles around the eyes.
Long-term results and complications of botulinum A toxin in the treatment of blepharospasm
Eye twitching - or blepharospasm
to give it its correct name - can be distressing.
n Japan, the product is approved for the treatment of blepharospasm
(uncontrollable blinking), hemifacial spasm and cervical dystonia (a movement disorder characterized by involuntary contractions of the neck muscles).
John Fordtran came back from a trip to Austin one day with a newspaper clipping about blepharospasm
and said he thought that was what I had.
The Yale Botulinum Program also uses Botox to treat blepharospasm
, which affects the eyelids; hemifacial spasms, which affect one side of the face; and general spasticity, which may occur when the brain is damaged by a stroke, head injury, multiple sclerosis, etc.
Eyelid motor dysfunction in the form of blepharospasm
(involuntary spasms of the eyelid muscles), apraxia of the eyelid opening (inability to voluntarily open the eyes), and apraxia of eyelid closure (inability to voluntarily close the eyes) is present in many patients with movement disorders.
Spasmodic dysphonia may co-occur with other movement disorders such as blepharospasm
(excessive eye blinking and involuntary forced eye closure), tardive dyskinesia (involuntary and repetitious movement of muscles of the face, body, arms and legs), oromandibular dystonia (involuntary movements of the jaw muscles, lips and tongue), torticollis (involuntary movements of the neck muscles), or tremor (rhythmic, quivering muscle movements).