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Related to Blepharospasm: ptosis


Spasmodic winking due to spasms of the orbicular muscle of the eyelid.



contraction of the orbicular muscle of the eye, leading to the persistent spasmodic closing of the lids. Blepharospasm occurs with acute diseases of the eye, trauma to the eye, and sometimes with hysteria and traumatic neurosis. Treatment involves removing the cause which led to the disorder.

References in periodicals archive ?
The first group included patients with grade I or II blepharospasm with predominating symptomatology of dry eye, also serving as control group.
Blepharospasm is a movement disorder produced by various well documented causes.
A female predominance was noted among patients with cervical dystonia and blepharospasm.
MK Tremors of Vitamin-E, Mild hand, peri- clonazepam Improvement in oral lowered dose of TD Symptoms dyskinesia, Aripiprazole tongue protrusion blepharospasm 2.
Typical clinical manifestations of PCG include photophobia, epiphora, blepharospasm, and a hazy enlarged cornea.
s past history included occasional blepharospasms, as well as cervical, abdominal, upper, and lower extremity muscle spasms.
Conclusion: Botulinum toxin is a useful remedy for Benign Essential Blepharospasm (BEB) although the effects are short term and repeated applications are required which is quite costly for the patient.
The differential diagnosis includes blepharospasm, facial myokymia, habitual tic, tardive dyskinesia, etc.
Canadian ophthalmologist Jean Carruthers used botulinum toxin to correct blepharospasm (twitching of the eye muscles) and realised that the temporarily paralysing effect of the toxin may be the key to her husband Alastair's quest for developing a treatment against frown lines.
Diagnosed pterygium-affected key relatives were associated with pterygium occurrence, so confirming familial occurrence, which is a similar finding to that in a report on primary blepharospasm.
Massetric hypertrophy7, excessive muscular contraction8, strabismus9, cervical dystonia10 , blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm11 have been successflully managed with botulinum toxin.