Eugen Bleuler

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Bleuler, Eugen

 

Born Apr. 30, 1857, in Zollikon, near Zürich; died there on July 15, 1939. Swiss psychiatrist and psychologist; professor at the University of Zürich from 1898 to 1927.

In his psychological research, following S. Freud and developing depth psychology, Bleuler used psychoanalytic methods to study the sphere of the unconscious. He also studied the “ambivalence of feelings,” a term that he introduced. (In addition, he introduced the terms “autism” and “schizophrenia,” which is also called Bleuler’s disease.) Bleuler studied the autistic thought process and schizophrenia. In collaboration with the Swiss psychologist C. G. Jung, Bleuler introduced the concepts of the affective complex and associative experiment into psychopathology. According to Bleuler, all living acts (so-called psychoids) have three basic characteristics: integrative ability, memory function, and expedient character.

WORKS

Naturgeschichte der Seele und ihres Bewusstwerdens, 2nd ed. Berlin, 1932.
Die Psychoide als Prinzip der organischen Entwicklung. Berlin, 1925.
Affektivität, Suggestibilität, Paranoia, 2nd ed. Halle, 1926.
Mechanismus—Vitalismus—Mnemismus. Berlin, 1931.
In Russian translation:
Rukovodstvo po psikhiatrii. Berlin, 1920.

REFERENCES

Kannabikh, Iu. V. Istoriia psikhiatrii. [Moscow], 1929.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is a pity that modern psychiatry has ignored Conolly's definition in favor of that of Eugen Bleuler, which downplayed perceptual changes and emphasized thought disorder.
The term autism was coined in the early part of the 20th century by a researcher named Bleuler, who included it in his "group of schizophrenias.
Depressive symptomatology as a feature of schizophrenia has been recognized since Bleuler first introduced the term in 1908 (1).
Eugen Bleuler, Sigmund Freud, and other psychiatrists and psychologists consider ambivalence in general as a source of undesirable stress.
amp; Veraguth (1911/1950) Dementia in Bleuler (Ed), 1911(1950) Dementia Praecox, p.
There are many other errors, particularly concerning Freud and the psychiatrists Eugen Bleuler and Carl Gustav Jung, that I could comment on, but I think I have made my point.
Depressive symptoms have been recognized as part of schizophrenia since the latter was first described by Eugen Bleuler.
In his classic treatise on schizophrenia, Eugen Bleuler complained: "People are being forced to continue to live a life that has become unbearable for them for valid reasons.
Rather, our results tend to support the conceptualization of Bleuler (1950) and later researchers (Breier, Schreiber, Dyer, & Pidsor, 1991), who emphasized overall emotional and cognitive constriction as the core manifestations of schizophrenia.
A recurring theme in resilience research is that most individuals who face adversity have more positive outcomes than one might predict based on their life circumstances (Bernard, 1994; Bleuler, 1984; Gabarino, Dubro, Kostolny, & Pardo, 1992; Garmezy, 1991, 1994; Hauser, Vieyra, Jacobson, & Wertlieb, 1985; Luthar & Zigler, 1991; Masten, 1994; Rutter, 1979; Vaillant, 1993).
In 1911, the psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler invented the term schizophrenia from Greek "schizo" meaning "split," and "phrenia" meaning "mind" to convey the split between perception and reality.