Bloemfontein

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Bloemfontein

(blo͞om`fŏntān'), city, judicial capital of South AfricaSouth Africa,
Afrikaans Suid-Afrika, officially Republic of South Africa, republic (2011 pop. 51,770,560), 471,359 sq mi (1,220,813 sq km), S Africa. It borders on the Atlantic Ocean in the west, on Namibia in the northwest, on Botswana and Zimbabwe in the north, on
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, capital of Free State prov., and seat of MangaungMangaung,
metropolitan municipality (2011 pop. 747,431), Free State prov., central South Africa. Bloemfontein is the municipal seat; other communities include Mangaung and Botshabelo. Originally a local municipality, Mangaung became a metropolitan municipality in 2011.
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 metropolitan municipality. It is a transportation hub and industrial center, containing railroad workshops, food-processing plants, and factories that produce furniture, plastics, and glassware. Bloemfontein was founded in 1846 and served as the capital of the Orange Free State Republic (see Free StateFree State,
formerly Orange Free State, province (2011 pop. 2,745,590), 50,126 sq mi (129,825 sq km), E central South Africa. It was renamed Free State shortly after the 1994 post-apartheid constitution went into effect.
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) until its capture (1900) by British forces during the South African War. Afterward, it was the site of the final negotiations (1909) that led to the establishment (1910) of the Union of South Africa. Among the city's educational institutions are the Univ. of the Free State (founded 1855; university status 1950) and the Central Univ. of Technology (1981).

Bloemfontein

a city in central South Africa: capital of Free State province and judicial capital of the country. Pop.: 111 698 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
Roadshows were also held this week in Kimberley, Northern Cape and in Bloemfontein, Free State.