blood bank

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blood bank,

site or mobile unit for collecting, processing, typing, and storing whole bloodblood,
fluid pumped by the heart that circulates throughout the body via the arteries, veins, and capillaries (see circulatory system; heart). An adult male of average size normally has about 6 quarts (5.6 liters) of blood.
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, blood plasma and other blood constituents. Most hospitals maintain their own blood reserves, and the American Red Cross provides a nationwide collection and distribution service. The Red Cross collects about 50% of the blood for the nation's blood banks. The Food and Drug AdministrationFood and Drug Administration
(FDA), agency of the Public Health Service division of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is charged with protecting public health by ensuring that foods are safe and pure, cosmetics and other chemical substances harmless, and
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 licenses blood banks.

Whole blood may be preserved for up to 21 days without losing its usefulness in blood transfusionsblood transfusion,
transfer of blood from one person to another, or from one animal to another of the same species. Transfusions are performed to replace a substantial loss of blood and as supportive treatment in certain diseases and blood disorders.
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; an anticoagulant is added to prevent clotting. Blood plasma, the fluid portion of the blood, may be frozen and/or dried and stored indefinitely. Blood and donors are screened for hepatitishepatitis
, inflammation of the liver. There are many types of hepatitis. Causes include viruses, toxic chemicals, alcohol consumption, parasites and bacteria, and certain drugs.
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, AIDSAIDS
or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome,
fatal disease caused by a rapidly mutating retrovirus that attacks the immune system and leaves the victim vulnerable to infections, malignancies, and neurological disorders. It was first recognized as a disease in 1981.
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, malariamalaria,
infectious parasitic disease that can be either acute or chronic and is frequently recurrent. Malaria is common in Africa, Central and South America, the Mediterranean countries, Asia, and many of the Pacific islands.
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, and other infectious diseases. The potential risk of acquiring AIDS or hepatitis through transfusions has made it a common practice among patients anticipating surgery to "bank" their own blood before it is needed.

Many blood banks also have facilities for apheresisapheresis
, or hemapheresis
, any procedure in which blood is drawn from a donor or patient and a component (platelets, plasma, or white blood cells) is separated out, the remaining blood components being returned to the body.
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, bone marrow donations, and related procedures. Some centers save umbilical cord blood (blood that is especially rich in stem cellsstem cells,
unspecialized human or animal cells that can produce mature specialized body cells and at the same time replicate themselves. Embryonic stem cells are derived from a blastocyst (the blastula typical of placental mammals; see embryo), which is very young embryo that
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) for use in treatments; however, the cost of preparing and storing such blood is much higher than that of normal blood. Sometimes parents store their newborn's cord blood at a private cord blood bank in case the child has need of it, but the use of one own's cord blood is ineffective or undesirable in many diseases where such blood is used as a treatment.

Blood Bank

 

in the USSR, a medical establishment that supervises medical facilities in the processing and transfusion of blood. Blood banks establish donor networks, keep records on and perform medical examinations of donors, and process and store blood and blood preparations and substitutes (and sometimes bone marrow) and distribute them to hospitals and clinics. Together with organizations of the Union of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies of the USSR, blood banks conduct active educational and organizational work to attract people into becoming donors (for example, donor’s days are organized). Blood banks promote the use of new techniques of blood transfusion and the use of new blood preparations and substitutes in hospitals and clinics. They also train physicians and paramedics and supervise the blood-transfusion work performed in hospitals and clinics.

Blood banks are under the jurisdiction of corresponding public-health departments and supervised by institutes of blood transfusion on procedures and organizational matters.

blood bank

[′bləd ‚baŋk]
(engineering)
A place for storing whole blood or plasma under refrigeration.

blood bank

a place where whole blood, blood plasma, or other blood products are stored until required in transfusion
References in periodicals archive ?
Researchers at the Sydney Cord Blood Bank (Sydney Children's Hospital, NSW, Australia) recognized the limits of traditional cord blood preservation methodologies and conducted a study in which they compared the presently utilized DMSO/Dextran technology with two of BioLife's CryoStor(TM) cryopreservation products.
The therapeutic effect cord blood has in treating a wide range of diseases supports the need to educate all birthing families about cord blood preservation so they can adequately consider this unique opportunity," said Brent N.
The AFCB is an organization, comprised of family cord blood banking companies, dedicated to educating families and physicians on the benefits of cord blood preservation for related use, establishing industry standards, and working together to adhere to regulations within the industry.
Anti-Aging Anti-Inflammatory Blood Preservation Organ Transplantation Cryopreservation Cell and Tissue Preservation
Based in Oldsmar, Florida, CRYO-CELL is the world's largest U-Cord(R) stem cell bank, offering premium-quality, superior value cord blood preservation exclusively for the benefit of newborn babies and possibly other members of their family.
As a leader in cord blood preservation and research we have a strong platform of technology and scientific know-how, and we remain committed to continuing to apply innovation to make umbilical cord blood stem cells more valuable including in the area of hematopoiesis.
Factors which could cause actual results to differ materially from the Company's current expectations include, but are not limited to: the impact of competition in the umbilical cord preservation industry, the impact of any potential adverse outcome in pending patent infringement litigation related to the cord blood preservation business, and any other unexpected material issues, delays or failures in the collection, processing or storage of umbilical cord blood by the Company.
Based in Oldsmar, Florida, CRYO-CELL is the world's largest U-Cord(R) stem cell banking firm, offering premium-quality, superior value cord blood preservation exclusively for the benefit of newborn babies and possibly other members of their family.
I am gratified by this Decision by which the Patent Office confirms again the pioneering contributions of PharmaStem in the development of umbilical cord blood preservation and its therapeutic use," said Nicholas Didier, CEO and President of PharmaStem.
The awareness and acceptance of cord blood preservation continues to grow, particularly in areas where we have a sales presence.