Bloom, Harold

Bloom, Harold,

1930–, American literary critic and scholar, b. New York City. The son of Orthodox Jewish immigrants from Russia, educated at Cornell (B.A., 1951) and Yale (Ph.D., 1955), the distinguished critic, author, and academic is Sterling Professor of Humanities at Yale and Berg Professor of English at New York Univ. He has written nearly 40 books and edited or written the introductions for hundreds of other volumes. One of his best-known works, The Anxiety of Influence (1973), postulates a titanic Oedipal struggle in which great writers interpret and revolt against their literary fathers, a theme developed in A Map of Misreading (1974), Poetry and Repression (1976), and Agon (1982).

Bloom has also written studies of many individual authors, e.g., Shelley (1959), Blake (1963), Yeats (1970), Wallace Stevens (1977), and Shakespeare (1998). His wide-ranging literary concerns are represented in The Western Canon (1994), in which Bloom analyzes the works of 26 masters; in How to Read and Why (2000), in which he presents a manual for literary enjoyment and enlightenment; in Genius (2002), in which he explores the accomplishments of 100 great writers; in Till I End My Song (2010), in which he gathers and briefly analyzes 100 poems about the end of life; and in The Daemon Knows (2015), in which he pairs a dozen masterful American writers, exploring their interconnections and their relationships to the "daemon"—their spirit of animating genius. His interest in religious and scriptural questions is apparent in such works as Ruin the Sacred Truths (1988), The Book of J (1990), in which he posits that a woman wrote part of the biblical Pentateuch, The American Religion (1992), and Jesus and Yahweh (2005). The Anatomy of Influence (2011) sums up his ideas and reworks the theories of literary influence he first posited in The Anxiety of Influence.

Bloom, Harold

(1930–  ) literary critic, educator; born in New York City. He earned a Ph.D. at Yale, where he joined the faculty in 1955. Bloom overturned the humanistic view of literary tradition in The Anxiety of Influence (1973). Consistently arguing against deconstruction and most other recent schools of criticism, he developed the theory of "antithetical criticism," which claims that literature itself is an act of criticism. Consistently provocative, his work includes 20 books on the Romantic and modern poets, psychoanalysis, philosophy, and theology.
References in periodicals archive ?
47) Bloom, Harold, Hamlet: Poem Unlimited (New York: Riverhead Books, 2004), p.
A case in point is note 33, which runs to three pages (286-89) and which refutes Eliot's contention that Shakespeare is not a philosopher, opts instead for something approximating Coleridge's sense of his philosophic vision, and acknowledges Craig's own immediate predecessors, such as Allan Bloom, Harold B.