Bloomsbury group

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Bloomsbury group,

name given to the literary group that made the Bloomsbury area of London the center of its activities from 1904 to World War II. It included Lytton StracheyStrachey, Lytton
(Giles Lytton Strachey), 1880–1932, English biographer and critic, educated at Cambridge. He was one of the leading members of the Bloomsbury group. Strachey is credited with having revolutionized the art of writing biography.
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, Virginia WoolfWoolf, Virginia (Stephen),
1882–1941, English novelist and essayist; daughter of Sir Leslie Stephen. A successful innovator in the form of the novel, she is considered a significant force in 20th-century fiction.
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, Leonard Woolf, E. M. ForsterForster, E. M.
(Edward Morgan Forster), 1879–1970, English author, one of the most important British novelists of the 20th cent. After graduating from Cambridge, Forster lived in Italy and Greece. During World War I he served with the International Red Cross in Egypt.
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, Vita Sackville-WestSackville-West, Vita
(Victoria Mary Sackville-West), 1892–1962, English writer; wife of Sir Harold Nicolson and granddaughter of the 2d Baron Sackville. Both she and Nicolson were members of the Bloomsbury group.
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, Roger FryFry, Roger Eliot,
1866–1934, English art critic and painter. A champion of modern French schools of art, he introduced Cézanne and the postimpressionists to England. From 1905 to 1910 he was curator of paintings at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
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, Clive BellBell, Clive,
1881–1964, English critic of art and literature. He was a member of the Bloomsbury group. His works include Art (1914), Since Cézanne (1922), Landmarks in Nineteenth-Century Painting (1927), and Proust (1929).
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, and John Maynard KeynesKeynes, John Maynard, Baron Keynes of Tilton
, 1883–1946, English economist and monetary expert, studied at Eton and Cambridge. Early Career and Critique of Versailles
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. The group began as a social clique: a few recent Cambridge graduates and their closest friends would assemble on Thursday nights for drinks and conversation. Its members were committed to a rejection of what they felt were the strictures and taboos of Victorianism on religious, artistic, social, and sexual matters. They remained a fairly tight-knit group for many years; recent biographers have detailed their tangled personal relations. By the 1920s Bloomsbury's reputation as a cultural circle was fully established to the extent that its mannerisms were parodied and Bloomsbury became a widely used term connoting an insular, snobbish aestheticism. Unique in the brilliance, variety, and output of its members, the group has remained the focus of widespread scholarly and popular interest.


See J. K. Johnstone, The Bloomsbury Group (1954); L. Woolf, Beginning Again (1964); Q. Bell, Bloomsbury (1969) and Bloomsbury Recalled (1996); S. P. Rosenbaum, The Bloomsbury Group (1975); A. Garnett, Deceived with Kindness: A Bloomsbury Childhood (1985); L. J. Markert, The Bloomsbury Group: A Reference Guide (1990).

References in periodicals archive ?
It can be, as the Bloomsbury set showed, complicated and intensely private.
com Among those whose personal data was collected were then prime minister Herbert Asquith and Bloomsbury Set author Virginia Woolf.
She offers polite interest as he drones on about Virginia Woolf and the Bloomsbury Set.
In a sense, the Bloomsbury set - which took its name from the London district where the principals lived and worked - was ahead of its time socially as well as artistically, Nygren said.
Now say in this mood of mild disenchantment, Kirstein had gone to his friend and taste-mentor Virgil Thomson, who was a great friend of Ashton, who in turn was a fringe member of London's Bloomsbury Set, which Kirstein much admired.
Those separate ambitions were realised for linchpins of the Bloomsbury set Vanessa Bell and her equally famous sister, Virgina Woolf, but there is often a creative overlap in people of such talents and here Bell reveals that she did make forays into writing territory with this series of essays on an autobiographical theme, illustrated with her own woodcuts and drawings.
Forty years earlier the influential Bloomsbury Set had challenged traditional sexual morality in their often witty writings and their lifestyle.
Life In Squares BBC2, 9pm This classy three-part drama centres on the close, and often fraught, relationship between sisters Vanessa Bell and Virginia Woolf, bohemian artists who were part of London's Bloomsbury Set in the early 20th century.
The 2nd Duke had his lawnmower pulled by an elephant; the 7th Duke worked for MI6, while the author's grandmother had an 'involvement' with writer Vita Sackville-West and created ripples in the Bloomsbury set, as well as her marriage.
Partridge was at the heart of the Bloomsbury set and enjoyed friendships with Virginia Woolf, Vanessa Bell, Lytton Strachey, Dora Carrington and David Garnett amongst others.
Harry Potter publisher Bloomsbury set the scene for a strong set of full-year results in its last trading statement in January, when it delivered the news that profits were set to beat expectations.
Upstairs, another room offers views of bathers, women in the bath, standing by a tub or in the work of the Bloomsbury Set painter Duncan Grant, various men bathing in bathing costumes in a stylised fashion.