Bloomsbury group


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Bloomsbury group,

name given to the literary group that made the Bloomsbury area of London the center of its activities from 1904 to World War II. It included Lytton StracheyStrachey, Lytton
(Giles Lytton Strachey), 1880–1932, English biographer and critic, educated at Cambridge. He was one of the leading members of the Bloomsbury group. Strachey is credited with having revolutionized the art of writing biography.
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, Virginia WoolfWoolf, Virginia (Stephen),
1882–1941, English novelist and essayist; daughter of Sir Leslie Stephen. A successful innovator in the form of the novel, she is considered a significant force in 20th-century fiction.
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, Leonard Woolf, E. M. ForsterForster, E. M.
(Edward Morgan Forster), 1879–1970, English author, one of the most important British novelists of the 20th cent. After graduating from Cambridge, Forster lived in Italy and Greece. During World War I he served with the International Red Cross in Egypt.
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, Vita Sackville-WestSackville-West, Vita
(Victoria Mary Sackville-West), 1892–1962, English writer; wife of Sir Harold Nicolson and granddaughter of the 2d Baron Sackville. Both she and Nicolson were members of the Bloomsbury group.
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, Roger FryFry, Roger Eliot,
1866–1934, English art critic and painter. A champion of modern French schools of art, he introduced Cézanne and the postimpressionists to England. From 1905 to 1910 he was curator of paintings at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
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, Clive BellBell, Clive,
1881–1964, English critic of art and literature. He was a member of the Bloomsbury group. His works include Art (1914), Since Cézanne (1922), Landmarks in Nineteenth-Century Painting (1927), and Proust (1929).
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, and John Maynard KeynesKeynes, John Maynard, Baron Keynes of Tilton
, 1883–1946, English economist and monetary expert, studied at Eton and Cambridge. Early Career and Critique of Versailles
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. The group began as a social clique: a few recent Cambridge graduates and their closest friends would assemble on Thursday nights for drinks and conversation. Its members were committed to a rejection of what they felt were the strictures and taboos of Victorianism on religious, artistic, social, and sexual matters. They remained a fairly tight-knit group for many years; recent biographers have detailed their tangled personal relations. By the 1920s Bloomsbury's reputation as a cultural circle was fully established to the extent that its mannerisms were parodied and Bloomsbury became a widely used term connoting an insular, snobbish aestheticism. Unique in the brilliance, variety, and output of its members, the group has remained the focus of widespread scholarly and popular interest.

Bibliography

See J. K. Johnstone, The Bloomsbury Group (1954); L. Woolf, Beginning Again (1964); Q. Bell, Bloomsbury (1969) and Bloomsbury Recalled (1996); S. P. Rosenbaum, The Bloomsbury Group (1975); A. Garnett, Deceived with Kindness: A Bloomsbury Childhood (1985); L. J. Markert, The Bloomsbury Group: A Reference Guide (1990).

References in periodicals archive ?
Parmar certainly isn't the first to dramatise the entanglements of the Bloomsbury Group, but in situating Vanessa, rather than Virginia--who actually comes across as awkward, conniving and extremely unlikable--at the heart of it, she offers a fresh perspective on a story that's already become legend" LUCY SCHOLES
No, I don't know the connection yet, between tonight's sky and the voices on tape, especially the voices of the Bloomsbury Group.
London's literary Bloomsbury Group were wittily said to move in circles, live in squares and love in triangles.
London, Mar 19 (ANI): Rare and intimate letters from the Bloomsbury Group have been released for the first time, documenting the members' fears over the suicide of Virginia Woolf.
One paper examines the European dimensions of Hogarth Press, the publishing house founded in 1917 by Woolf and her husband Leonard, which published works by the Bloomsbury Group, the intellectual group of writers that revolved around Woolf, John Maynard Keynes, E.
The sisters have a symbiotic relationship: Vanessa is inspired by Virginia's modeling of the Ramsays after their own parents, as Virginia's stream-of-consciousness writing style is influenced by both Vanessa's paintings and the new ideas about art discussed by her friends in the Bloomsbury Group.
QUIZ CHALLENGE: 1 Broadway; 2 The avocado; 3 In the ear; 4 Gypsy Rose Lee; 5 The Bloomsbury Group.
When first translated into English by Arthur Waley, who was associated with the Bloomsbury Group, The Tale of Genji (published in 6 volumes from 1921 to 1933) seemed Proustian.
CAROL ANN SAYS: The English writer Beatrice Mayor was linked with The Bloomsbury Group.
As the almost ceaseless flow of biographies, essays and critical analyses of the Bloomsbury group show, there is a continuing and even expanding interest in the art, ideas, ethics and ways of life associated with them.
My great-aunt Virginia Woolf was one of the greatest English letter writers, so it's entirely appropriate that her image should now appear on our nation's stamps," said Virginia Nicholson, great niece of Virginia Woolf and Deputy Chairman of Charleston, onetime country retreat of the Bloomsbury Group.
It is through the Bloomsbury Group that Virginia met Leonard Woolf, with whom she shared a sexless marriage.