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see jazzjazz,
the most significant form of musical expression of African-American culture and arguably the most outstanding contribution the United States has made to the art of music. Origins of Jazz

Jazz developed in the latter part of the 19th cent.
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(English; abbreviation of “blue devils”—despondency, melancholy, sadness), solo lyrical song of American Negroes from the banks of the Mississippi.

The blues have been known since the late 19th century; they usually embody a lament for lost happiness. Themes of social protest began to appear in the blues early in the 20th century. To a large degree, the musical features of the blues were inherited from the music of the African peoples: syncopation (dislocation of rhythmic stresses), sliding, unfixed diminution of the modal scale (so-called blues modulations), and improvisation of execution (particularly in instrumental interludes). The form of the blues consists of variations.

The blues were initially performed to banjo accompaniment, and later, to guitars. The song St. Louis Blues (1914) by the Negro professional musician W. Handy began the broad spread of the blues in the Negro sections of cities. A number of the features of the blues were adopted by jazz music of the variety stage (estrada); in jazz music, the blues developed as instrumental dance pieces. The musical form and genre features of the blues have been utilized by many 20th-century composers—for example, G. Gershwin in the USA, M. Ravel in France, and E. Csenec in Austria.



melancholy, bittersweet music born among American Negroes. [Am. Music: Scholes, 113]
References in periodicals archive ?
A 40-year veteran of the blues scene, the Chicago blues man will entertain Estafette fans with songs from his first solo CD.
But the ex-Sky Blues man insisted that his comments were made off the record.
Born Aldwyn Roberts, old photographs show him looking like a world-weary Chicago blues man in dark suits with a gray fedora tipped at a jaunty angle.
Now, Craig Horton fans will be able to hear the talented Chicago blues man fly solo on "In My Spirit," due on the street by mid-August.
The former Sky Blues man was in line to serve a three-match ban after being sent off for violent conduct due to a clash with Ashley Cole in the incident-packed game at Highbury on December 18, which Newcastle won 3-1.
Harley-Davidson of Glendale, the home of the annual Love Ride, will celebrate the dealership's 20th anniversary with a gala bash featuring a live concert with blues man Top Jimmy, biker carnival rides, raffle drawings, an anniversary sale, a barbecue with beer and soft drinks, and a ``Bikini and Boxer Bike Wash'' where women in bikinis and men in boxer shorts will wash your motorcycle, from 9 a.
Gregory had written off Dublin's chances of playing again this season when he sustained the horrific injury against Sheffield Wednesday in December but the ex-Sky Blues man is back in training.
The Kennedy Center acknowledged this recently, honoring him for his contributions to society at a three-hour gala that had the unassuming blues man sharing a stage with Sidney Poitier, Neil Simon and President Clinton, among others.