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see jazzjazz,
the most significant form of musical expression of African-American culture and arguably the most outstanding contribution the United States has made to the art of music. Origins of Jazz

Jazz developed in the latter part of the 19th cent.
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(English; abbreviation of “blue devils”—despondency, melancholy, sadness), solo lyrical song of American Negroes from the banks of the Mississippi.

The blues have been known since the late 19th century; they usually embody a lament for lost happiness. Themes of social protest began to appear in the blues early in the 20th century. To a large degree, the musical features of the blues were inherited from the music of the African peoples: syncopation (dislocation of rhythmic stresses), sliding, unfixed diminution of the modal scale (so-called blues modulations), and improvisation of execution (particularly in instrumental interludes). The form of the blues consists of variations.

The blues were initially performed to banjo accompaniment, and later, to guitars. The song St. Louis Blues (1914) by the Negro professional musician W. Handy began the broad spread of the blues in the Negro sections of cities. A number of the features of the blues were adopted by jazz music of the variety stage (estrada); in jazz music, the blues developed as instrumental dance pieces. The musical form and genre features of the blues have been utilized by many 20th-century composers—for example, G. Gershwin in the USA, M. Ravel in France, and E. Csenec in Austria.



melancholy, bittersweet music born among American Negroes. [Am. Music: Scholes, 113]
References in periodicals archive ?
Since 2005, McConnell-Dickerson has shared her exhibit with galleries and blues festivals around the world, including the National Civil Rights Museum and the Blues Music Awards both in 2009, and a large part of her collection will be on display at the Blues Foundation's Blues Hall of Fame beginning in December of 2015.
10, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The Blues Foundation is pleased to announce the nominations for their annual Blues Music Awards, which the international organization will present at the Cook Convention Center in downtown Memphis, TN, on Thursday, May 8, 2014.
Securing the future of blues music, and helping its legacy as an original American art form live on, is something to which I am deeply committed.
In addition to Scorsese's film, Charles Burnett, Clint Eastwood, Mike Figgis, Marc Levin, Richard Pearce, and Wim Wenders capture the essence of blues music and delve into its global influence -- from its roots in Africa to its inspirational role with today's top artists.
In addition to the Blues Music Awards, the Foundation also produces the Blues Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony, the International Blues Challenge and the Keeping the Blues Alive Awards.
Blues University, based in Chicago, coordinates events, a website, blues store and archive, and introductory classes designed to enhance and expand understanding of blues music.
Founded in 1988, The Rhythm & Blues Foundation provides emergency medical and other needed financial assistance to Rhythm and Blues music legends of the 1940s, 50s and 60s.
June 7 /PRNewswire -- "City Spirit Jazz & Blues," a program comprised of jazz and blues music, will be in full swing on the Jersey City waterfront this summer beginning June 17.
He is the founder and past chairman of the Black Music Association, an information center designed to preserve and perpetuate soul/rhythm and blues music throughout the world.
He says he was originally inspired by folk and blues music.
He enjoys playing cards, watching sports, and listening to Big Band and blues music.