Bobby Fischer

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Fischer, Bobby

(Robert James Fischer) (fĭsh`ər), 1943–2008, American chess player, b. Chicago. In 1958, he became a grandmaster, the youngest to that time. In the Interzonal and Candidates' matches in 1970 and 1971 he won an unprecedented 20 straight games to qualify to challenge Boris SpasskySpassky, Boris,
1937–, Soviet chess champion. A child prodigy, he became an international master at the age of 16 and in 1955, at age 18, he became an international grand master.
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 for the world championship. When he overwhelmed Spassky in 1972, he became the only American world titlist and, according to a consensus of contemporary grandmasters, the strongest chess player in history. From then until 1992, Fischer did not play a single game of chess in public. He forfeited his world title in 1975 after a rules dispute with the International Federation of Chess, and turned down lucrative offers to play again. In 1992 he was indicted after participating in a exhibition match with Spassky in Yugoslavia, against which the United States had an economic boycott. He subsequently lived abroad as a fugitive and was arrested (2004) in Japan for traveling on a revoked passport; he was allowed to leave (2005) for Iceland after it granted him citizenship.

Bibliography

See his My 60 Memorable Games (1972, repr. 2009); biographies by F. Brady (1965 and 2011); D. Edmonds and J. Eldinow, Bobby Fischer Goes to War (2004); G. Kasparov, Garry Kasparov on Fischer (2005).

Fischer, (Robert James) Bobby

(1943–  ) chess player; born in Chicago. Raised in Brooklyn after his parents divorced in 1945, he learned to play chess when he was six and won the U.S. junior and senior titles at age 14. In 1972 he captured the world championship from Boris Spassky in Reykjavik, Iceland, while competing for what was then the largest purse ($250,000) offered in any sport outside boxing. Amid praise for his "classicist" style, the win set off a short-lived U.S. chess boom. A longtime nemesis of tournament officials for his tantrums and phobias, he failed in 1975 to agree to terms for a title defense against Anatoly Karpov and was stripped of his crown by FIDE (Fédération Internationale des Echecs). Afterwards he refused to compete in public, lived in virtual seclusion in the Los Angeles area, and was briefly active in the fundamentalist Worldwide Church of God.
References in periodicals archive ?
Jen is the type of person that is willing to help just about anyone in need," said her banker, Bob Fischer.
color) Bob Fischer of Westlake Village shows off his new flashlight in this multiple-exposure photo.
Byline: GUEST VIEWPOINT By Samuel Metz and Bob Fischer
According to ex-UCLA athletic director Bob Fischer, ``Bow Wow'' was ``one of the great characters, a mystery man - he really belonged to the Damon Runyon days.
Have your deeds make a lasting impact, like Bob Fischer of
It was BBC Tees' Bob Fischer who put the duo forward for a sought-after spot at the festival, which will also see big names such as Foals and Biffy Clyro perform.
Surgeons would normally look at video monitors in the operating room, and that reduces their hand-eye coordination,'' said Bob Fischer, Optics 1 president.
VX has always been committed to making sophisticated CAD/CAM technologies easy and affordable," said Bob Fischer, vice president of sales and marketing at VX Corp.
All introduced by Bob Fischer in the exuberant wordsmith-ery style of Leonard Sachs from the Good Old Days.
In their July 31 guest viewpoint, Bob Fischer and Samuel Mets advocated single-payer health care system.
Adds Bob Fischer of Precision Color Graphics, "HyperFlex provides consistent quality throughout the run, and has allowed the use of lower cell count anilox rolls and higher pigment load inks with no dot gain in the highlights, as well as no dot loss in areas of isolated minimum dots.
ARMPIT and the Glitterbabies - that striking band name really stood out when I was guest on a recent BBC Introducing Saturday show alongside Bob Fischer on BBC Tees.